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A leader in Civilization IV
|Introduced||The original Civilization IV|
|Theme music||Greco-Roman diplomacy theme from Civilization III (shared with Pericles)|
Alexander the Great (20/21 July 356 - 10/11 June 323 BCE) was King of Macedon (r. 336 - 323 BCE) and creator of one of the largest empires in history.
Alexander is one of the leaders who will plan wars when pleased.
- Strategy: military (5) and growth (2).
- Wonder Construct random: 20 (from 0 to 50).
- Base Attitude: 0 (from -1 to 2).
- Base Peace Weight: 0 (from 0 to 10).
- Warmonger Respect: 2 (from 0 to 2).
- Espionage Weight: 100 (from 50 to 150).
- Refuse To Talk War Threshold: 8 (from 6 to 10).
- No Tech Trade Threshold: 5 (from 5 to 20).
- Tech Trade Known Percent: 30% (from 0 to 100).
- Max Gold Trade Percent: 5% (from 5 to 20).
- Max War Rand: 50 (from 50 to 400).
- Raze City Prob: 0 (from 0 to 75).
- Build Unit Prob: 35 (from 0 to 40).
- Close Borders Attitude Change: -4 (from -4 to -2).
- Same Religion Attitude Change Limit: 4 (from 2 to 7).
- Different Religion Attitude Change: -1 (from -2 to 0).
- Favorite Civic Attitude Change Limit: 2 (from 1 to 6).
- Demand tribute will be refused when: cautious or worse.
- Request help will be refused when: cautious or worse.
- Request technology will be refused when: annoyed or worse.
- Request strategic bonus will be refused when: cautious or worse.
- Request happiness bonus will be refused when: annoyed or worse.
- Request health bonus will be refused when: annoyed or worse.
- Request map will be refused when: pleased or worse.
- Request declare war will be refused when: annoyed or worse.
- Request declare war them will be refused when: pleased or worse.
- Request stop trading will be refused when: cautious or worse.
- Request stop trading them will be refused when: cautious or worse.
- Request adopt civic will be refused when: pleased or worse.
- Request convert religion will be refused when: cautious or worse.
- Request open borders will be refused when: annoyed or worse.
- Request defensive pact will be refused when: pleased or worse.
- Request permanent alliance will be refused when: pleased or worse.
- Request vassal will be refused when: pleased or worse.
- Max War Nearby Power Ratio: 90 (from 80 to 130).
- Max War Distant Power Ratio: 70 (from 30 to 100).
- Max War Min Adjacent Land Percent: 0 (from 0 to 4).
- Limited War Rand: 40 (from 40 to 200).
- Limited War Power Ratio: 130 (from 80 to 130).
- Dogpile War Rand: 50 (from 25 to 100).
- Make Peace Rand: 40 (from 10 to 80).
- Demand Rebuked Sneak Prob: 40 (from 0 to 100).
- Demand Rebuked War Prob: 25 (from 0 to 50).
- Base Attack Odds Change: 4 (from 0 to 6).
- Worse Rank Difference Attitude Change: -2 (from -3 to 0).
- Better Rank Difference Attitude Change: 0 (from 0 to 4).
- Share War Attitude Change Limit: 4 (from 2 to 4).
- Vassal Power Modifier: 20 (from -20 to 50).
Alexander was the son of King Phillip II, an extremely successful king and warlord who had rescued his kingdom from the verge of extinction and then led his people to triumph by conquering Athens, Illyria, and Thrace - the three powers who, a few short years before, had been on the verge of conquering Macedonia. As the son of the most powerful monarch in the "civilized" world, Alexander got the best of everything, including education - the scholar Aristotle, the great thinker of Western Civilization, was his tutor.
Taught by his mother that he was descended from Hercules and Achilles, Alexander did not lack for self-confidence, even at a very young age. At 16 he led an army to quell a Thracian rebellion while his father was away. Alexander stormed the rebel stronghold and broke the back of the rebellion.
Several years later, Alexander's father was assassinated while in the process of mounting an invasion of Persia. Alexander immediately took power, and within two years he carried out his father's interrupted invasion of Persia. Alexander's force consisted of 30,000 foot soldiers and 5,000 cavalrymen, a huge army for the day, and was accompanied by engineers, surveyors, scientists, and even historians.
Alexander had amazing success against the Persians. He repeatedly beat their best soldiers, routinely fighting against odds of 10-to-1. His success can be attributed to his military genius, his force's superb training and equipment, and their magnificent esprit de corps, largely engendered by their faith in Alexander's invincibility.
Having secured Persia's surrender, Alexander then moved south, conquering Syria, Palestine, much of modern Iraq, and eventually Egypt herself. He returned to Persia, destroyed the last of the Persian forces and took over the entire country. He continued east, eventually coming into contact with the great Indian King Porus, who fought him to a standstill. Alexander eventually won the conflict, but at such a heavy cost that his men begged him to end the campaign and let them return to their families. Alexander himself returned to rule his empire from the captured city of Babylon.
In eight short years of fighting, Alexander had conquered more territory than any other living being. He successfully led his forces into battle against all of the great nations of the day, but none could stand against him. He was the absolute ruler of the largest empire the world had ever seen.
Apparently he found this boring.
Once in Babylon, Alexander began an inexorable decline. He began drinking heavily and engaging in all kinds of available debauchery (and there was much debauchery to be found in Babylon). He became subject to fits of anger and bouts of paranoid delusion. One night, in a fit of blind rage and under the influence of alcohol, Alexander murdered Clitus, his closest associate. This barbaric act was to haunt Alexander for the rest of his life - which wasn't very long.
In June of 332 BC, his body weakened by his excesses, Alexander died of malaria. He was 32 years old.
In this game, Alexander is portrayed with short brown hair despite sources describing him as blond with slightly longer hair. He is also described as possessing heterochromia.
The background shows what appears to be the Parthenon, though it lacks the color it would have in Alexander's time.