Alexander von Humboldt was a Prussian naturalist responsible for cataloguing many of the species in North America. A true universalist, Humboldt studied geography at the University of Gottingen, but complemented his studies with a number of disciplines - zoology, botany, art. In 1799, Humboldt secured the necessary permissions to begin a scientific journey to the Spanish colonies in order to catalogue the various species there. This novel concept, a journey with no economic or political motivation, led Humboldt up and down the Western Hemisphere, creating maps, exploring new regions, naming previously undiscovered wildlife. Almost 4000 new species were recorded by Humboldt on his journey, leading to a previously impossible European understanding of the New World.
|Civilization IV: Colonization Founding Fathers|
Vasco Nunez de Balboa • Juan de Bermudez • Pedro Alvares Cabral • Alexander von Humboldt • Juan Ponce de Leon • Lewis and Clark • Jacques Marquette • Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada • John Smith • Giovanni da Verrazano
William Brewster • Bartolome de las Casas • John Harvard • Nathanial Hawthorne • Thomas Hooker • Sor Juana • Gabriel Lallemant • Gregorio de Mattos e Guerra • William Penn • Juan de Sepulveda • Roger Williams
Ethan Allen • Francisco de Coronado • Hernan Cortes • Diego Velazquez de Cuellar • Marquis de La Fayette • John Paul Jones • Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve • Dom Pedro I • Francisco Pizarro • Chief Powhatan • Hernando de Soto