BackArrowGreen The list of advances

Alphabet is a prerequisite for many advances since it is the basis of written language.


An Alphabet is a group of symbols that represents phonemes, sounds that humans can make or distinguish. Some Alphabets represent syllables. The ancestors of modern Alphabets are the iconographic and ideographic symbols of ancient man such as cuneiform and hieroglyphics. The modern Alphabet of the West traces back to the Romans, then to the Greeks, and then to the Phoenicians. The Alphabet was significant because ideas could now be transferred by being painted on pottery, carved in stone, or impressed in clay. Ideas no longer had to be exchanged face-to-face by voice or hand signals.

Civilization Advances

Advanced FlightAlphabetAstronomyAtomic TheoryAutomobileBankingBridge BuildingBronze WorkingCeremonial BurialChemistryChivalryCode of LawsCombustionCommunismComputersConscriptionConstructionCorporationCurrencyDemocracyElectricityElectronicsEngineeringExplosivesFeudalismFlightFusion PowerFuture TechGenetic EngineeringGunpowderHorseback RidingIndustrializationInventionIron WorkingLabor UnionLiteracyMagnetismMap MakingMasonryMass ProductionMathematicsMedicineMetallurgyMonarchyMysticismNavigationNuclear FissionNuclear PowerPhilosophyPhysicsPlasticsPotteryRailRoadRecyclingRefiningReligionRepublicRoboticsRocketrySpace FlightSteam EngineSteelSuperconductorTheory of GravityTradeUniversityWheelWriting