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Catholicism is one of thirteen eligible religions featured in the Gods & Kings and Brave New World expansions for Civilization V. It is an offshoot of Christianity that is introduced along with Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism in Brave New World.
In Gods & Kings, the symbol for Catholicism is used to represent Christianity.
Unlike the religions in Civilization IV, this religion has no technological requirements to be unlocked and neither unique buildings nor a unique missionary unit. However, the Cathedral religious building may be said to be close in spirit to Catholicism, although there is no gameplay relation of any kind between the two. Like all other religions, Catholicism can be founded directly after using a Great Prophet's Found Religion ability and only one civilization can be the founder of this religion.
- The Aztecs
- The Celts
- The Inca
- The Maya
Roman Catholicism refers to the theology and doctrine of the Christian church under the auspices of the Holy See, the papacy based in Rome. According to ecclesiastical scholars, Catholicism is distinguished from other branches of Christianity by its commitment to the church's traditions, to the sacraments, and its priesthood as interpreters of the Bible.
The earliest known use of the term "Catholic Church" is by Ignatius of Antioch around 107 AD. The early church was organized based on the rule of three patriarchs, those of Rome, Alexandria and Antioch - to which were later added the patriarchs of Constantinople and Jerusalem. The patriarch of Rome claimed special authority based on the connection between St. Peter and the city. For 1000 years, Roman Catholicism dominated Europe, until the Great Schism of 1054 AD that gave rise to Eastern Orthodoxy. Some 500 years later another major division in Christianity occurred with the Protestant Reformation, which saw many in Europe reject the teachings and practices of Catholicism in favor of more personal expressions of belief.
Presently, the Roman Catholic Church considers those not in communion with the Vatican to be "non-Catholics" but tolerates differing interpretations of the Bible. Roman Catholicism remains the largest Christian church, with over a billion members worldwide.