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- Type of Great Person: Great Artist/Thinker
- Tech Required: Networking
Charm the hearts of an entire metropolis with the Great Artist/Thinker! You may use them to instantly convert an enemy city to your side or you may have them settle in an existing city to increase all Culture production by 50%.
Charles Babbage (1791 - 1871) was an English mathematician and inventor and is credited with envisioning the first programmable computer. He is remembered for designing two devices - the Difference Engine and the Analytical Machine. The Difference Engine was a massive hand-cranked machine capable of creating numerical tables more accurate than even modern calculators. Babbage's Analytical Machine was capable of performing complex calculations based on human input - the first computer. While Babbage himself completed neither of these works - in part because of his own ceaseless perfectionism - working machines based on his designs would be completed by later researchers, proving his creations both viable and decades before their time.
Ada Lovelace, daughter of the poet Lord Byron, was a mathematician and close associate of Babbage. She wrote the first program to be performed on Babbage's Analytical Machine and for that is remembered as the world's first computer programmer.
When a Difference Engine based on Babbage's designs was built in London in the 1990s, it weighed over three tons (2.7 metric tons).