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In the real worldEdit
Cleopatra was a member of the Ptolemy dynasty of Egypt, and heavily embroiled in the more well known scandals of Rome through her relationship with Julius Caesar, and then later Marc Antony. It was during the lifetime of Cleopatra(and at the hands of her later lover Julius Caesar) that the first burning of the Library of Alexandria occured, historians will never know the full extent of the knowledge lost that day but in recent years they have been discovering that ancient peoples were aware of steam as a potential power source and other technological advances that would not be seen again for hundreds or even thousands of years.
Cleopatra herself was said to be the first member of the Ptolemy dynasty that had bothered to actually learn to speak Egyptian, rather than speaking Latin like the Romans. She also embraced the local customs, and deities being a well known worshipper of Isis. She was the last effective ruler of the Ptolemy dynasty, and committed suicide along with her Roman lover, Marc Antony (an event marking the end of her reign, as Gais Julius Caesar Augustus (Caesar's namesake, and successor) moved into and conquered Alexandria).
In the game Cleopatra is a fairly peaceful ruler. She tends to create many cities though, therefore it is not easy to erase her from the game. The Egyptian capitol of Thebes starts with a Great Wonder, so fully expect Thebes to be the world's greatest city towards the beginning of the game.