The construction of defensive structures such as city walls and fortified castles dates back to ancient times. City walls were designed primarily to repel an attack launched by ground-based forces, and they performed adequately in such a situation. However, coastal cities were also vulnerable to attack from sea bombardments, since even a city wall left sea ports relatively unprotected. The best way to protect the port was to keep the enemy out of range of the city. This was accomplished by constructing fortresses to cover the approach to the city. These coastal fortresses, built at the mouth of the city's harbor or on barrier islands, would hold enemy vessels at bay, turning away or thinning out the attacking force and minimizing damage to the city's port.

Civilization II

Main article: Coastal Fortress (Civ2)

Civilization III

Main article: Coastal Fortress (Civ3)

Other games

Coastal Fortress is not present in (or the article has not been created for) the following games :

Game Article
Civilization Coastal Fortress (Civ1)
Civilization IV Coastal Fortress (Civ4)
Civilization V Coastal Fortress (Civ5)
Civilization VI Coastal Fortress (Civ6)
Civilization: Beyond Earth Coastal Fortress (CivBE)
Civilization Revolution Coastal Fortress (CivRev)
Civilization Revolution 2 Coastal Fortress (CivRev2)
Freeciv Coastal Fortress (Freeciv)
Civilization: Call to Power Coastal Fortress (CTP1)
Call to Power II Coastal Fortress (CTP2)
C-evo Coastal Fortress (C-evo)
Colonization Coastal Fortress (Col)
FreeCol Coastal Fortress (FreeCol)
Civilization IV: Colonization Coastal Fortress (Civ4Col)
Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri‎ Coastal Fortress (SMAC)

Future Technology (CivRev)
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