Egyptian (Civ4)

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Egyptian (Civ4)
Introduced in Vanilla
Leaders Hatshepsut
Ramesses II
Unique Unit War Chariot (replaces Chariot )
Starting techs Agriculture
The Wheel
Unique Building Obelisk (replaces Monument)
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The Egyptian people represent a civilization in Civilization IV.


This section requires expansion.

Civilopedia EntryEdit

Few civilizations have left such an indelible mark on history as that of ancient Egypt. Though the first settlers of the Nile valley are thought to have arrived as early as 7000 BC, it wasn't until the legendary king Menes unified Upper and Lower Egypt that the region began to develop a cohesive sense of culture and identity. This First Dynasty (2925-2775 BC), with its capital at Memphis, was followed by 26 more over the next 2700 years. Writing was the major instrument in the centralization and self-preservation of Egypt. The two basic forms of writing, hieroglyphs and the cursive form known as hieratic (used on papyrus), were invented at much the same time in late pre-dynastic Egypt (about 3000 BC). Writing was used chiefly for administration and until about 2650 BC no continuous texts were recorded; the only literary texts written down before the early Middle Kingdom (1950 BC) seem to have been lists of religious practices and medical treatises. Another strength was the Egyptian religion, which was one of the most enduring of the ancient world, through which Egypt became a highly stratified, highly efficient society. Egypt's economic strength allowed for the support of a priestly class, who were tasked with the spiritual well being of the people yet able to devote their time to the study of religion, astronomy, philosophy, and mathematics. The priesthood also served the functions of a state bureaucracy, carrying out the edicts of the Pharaoh and managing his financial and diplomatic affairs. The great organizational and economic power of Egypt allowed the rulers to accomplish unmatched works of construction. The Great Pyramids of Giza, completed in the Fourth Dynasty (2575-2465 BC), still stand as one of mankind's most impressive feats of engineering and logistics.

Prior to 1700 BC, no outsiders had ever held dominion over Egypt. That changed when the Hyksos, a Semitic people, overran Lower Egypt. Thereafter, Egypt's borders were defended by capable Libyan warriors and the elite often rode into battle in War Chariots, which were able to use speed to outflank opponents and break up organized formations of troops. It was under the rule of Hatshepsut, a woman who managed to exercise power despite the prohibition that the pharaoh must be male, that the Hyksos were driven out of the country through the use of such chariots. Egypt's greatest military strength, however, lay in the employment of mercenaries from Macedonia, Greece, Nubia and many other neighboring peoples - Egyptian gold was always their most valuable military asset. However, this was not enough to guarantee the isolation of the richest land in the Mediterranean world. Egypt fell to the Assyrians, and then to the Persians yet even during the plunder of Xerxes' governors, Egyptian culture and religion survived. Alexander the Great liberated the Egyptians from Persian rule in 332 BC and established the city of Alexandria, which was to become the new capital of Hellenic Egypt under the rule of the Macedonian Ptolemaic dynasty (332-30 BC), the last Egyptian kingdom. The kingdom was one of several that emerged in the aftermath of Alexander's death and the struggles of his successors. It was the wealthiest, however, and for much of the next 300 years, the most powerful politically and militarily.

The able Ptolemies ruled in an unbroken line until the death of Cleopatra VII in 30 BC. Her suicide marked the end of Pharaonic rule and the beginning of Egypt's centuries as a Roman and Byzantine province. Although swept by the Islamic tide in 642 AD, Egypt was to remain under foreign occupation - Arabic, Ottoman, French, and British - until after World War I, when she finally gained her independence from a British administration weary of overseas conflict. From 1922 through 1952, Egypt appeared to be one of the world's most successful constitutional monarchies. But it was ripe for revolution; the military coup of July 1952 led by Gamal Nasser, ironically, finally made Egypt an island of stability in a turbulent Middle East.

List of CitiesEdit

Founding Order City Name Notes
1 Thebes Former capital
2 Memphis Former capital
3 Heliopolis
4 Elephantine
5 Alexandria
6 Piramesses Former capital
7 Giza
8 Byblos
9 Akhetaten Former capital
10 Hieraconpolis
11 Abydos
12 Asyut
13 Avaris
14 Lisht
15 Buto
16 Edfu
17 Pithom
18 Busiris
19 Kahun
20 Athribis
21 Mendes
22 Elashmunein
23 Tanis Former capital
24 Bubastis Former capital
25 This
26 Oryx
27 Sebennytus
28 Akhmin
29 Karnak
30 Luxor
31 Elkab
32 Armant
33 Balat
34 Ellahun
35 Ghurab
36 Hawara
37 Dashur
38 Raqote
39 Damanhur
40 Merimde
41 Abusir
42 Herakleopolis
43 Akoris
44 Benihasan
45 Tasa
46 Badari
47 Hermopolis
48 Amrah
49 Negade
50 Koptos
51 Hermonthis
52 Ombos
53 Aniba
54 Soleb
55 Semna
56 Amara

Unit DialogueEdit

The Egyptian units speak Egyptian Arabic instead of Ancient Egyptian or its descendant Coptic. Arabic and Ancient Egyptian are both members of the Afro-Asiatic language family, yet are not closely related. Corresponding English dialogue appears in parentheses.

Order000: (As you wish!)

Order001: (Move out!)

Order002: (Certainly!)

Order003: (We're on it!)

Order004: (No problem!)

Order005: (Consider it done!, said very quickly)

Order006: (Very well!)

Order007: (On our way!)

Order008: (Let's get moving!)

Order009: (You can count on us!)

Select000: (Reporting for duty!)

Select001: (At your service!)

Select002: (Tell me what to do!)

Select003: (Awaiting your orders!)

Select004: (Ready for action!)

Select005: (What's the plan?)

Select006: Na'am? (Yes?)

Select007: (Your orders?)

Select008: (What do you need?)

Select009: (All present and accounted for!)

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