Indian (Civ4)
Introduced in Vanilla
Leaders Gandhi
Unique Unit Fast Worker (replaces Worker )
Starting techs Mysticism
Unique Building Mausoleum (replaces Jail)
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The Indian people represent a civilization in Civilization IV.


This section requires expansion.

Civilopedia EntryEdit

The Indian subcontinent is the home of one of the world's oldest and most influential civilizations. From about 5000 BC, increasing numbers of settlements of subsistence agriculturalists began to appear throughout the Indus Valley; by 2600 BC some of these villages grew into urban centers, forming the basis for the early Harappan civilization, the peer of contemporary Egyptian and Babylonian civilizations. It was around this period that Hinduism, the world's oldest religion, began to take form. Unlike the Egyptians and Babylonians, however, a central state failed to form in India until a much later period. It was not until the Mauryan Period (325-185 BC) that the first Indian empire ruling most of the subcontinent took shape.

Chandragupta Maurya was the warrior who carved out much of the territory that would form the Mauryan Empire. Using War Elephants to good effect, he defeated Alexander's successor Seleucus, the ruler of the eastern Greek holdings in Iran and India. It was under Chandragupta's grandson Asoka (272-232 BC), however, that the Mauryan Empire reached its height, covering the entire subcontinent except for the southern tip. Asoka's India possessed an elaborate administrative and tax-collecting system, and trade flourished due to his construction of roads. Asoka converted to Buddhism during his rule and gave up violent conquest in order to live a moral life. His ethical teachings can still be found inscribed on pillars and rockfaces across India today.

A century later, the disintegration of the Mauryan empire gave rise to a number of feuding kingdoms, the Guptas and Pajputs in the north and Chola, Hoysalas and Pandyas in the south. These divided kingdoms were unable to stand against the coming Islamic tide. The first Arabic raids in the subcontinent were made along the western coast and in Sind during the 7th and 8th centuries, and there had been Muslim trading communities in India for decades beforehand. The permanent military movement of Muslims into northern India, however, dates from the late 12th century and was carried out by the Turkish dynasty that arose on the ruins of the Abbasid caliphate. Sultan Mahmud, who conducted more than 20 campaigns in India from 1001 to 1027 AD and established a large but short-lived empire, laid the road to conquest. By 1186 AD, the Mahmud realm had been destroyed by the Ghurids, who proceeded to conquer the Rajput kingdoms and establish a Muslim sultanate in Delhi, from which a series of able Turkish overlords ruled the north until 1526 AD.

The Muslim states were themselves supplanted by the Islamic Mughul Empire (1526-1761 AD), founded by Zahir-ud-Din Muhammad Babur (1526-1530 AD). Babur was a Mongol, a fifth-generation descendant of Timur and a 14th-generation descendant of Genghis Khan. In a lightning series of campaigns commencing in 1511 AD, he overran the Punjab and Hindustan. Akbar the Great (1556-1605 AD), his grandson, continued the conquest of the subcontinent, overrunning Gujarat, Bengal and Rajasthan. At its zenith, the Mughal realm commanded resources unprecedented in Indian history and covered almost the entire subcontinent.

The 16th and 17th centuries also saw the establishment and expansion of European trading organizations in the subcontinent, principally for the procurement of rare resources. By 1740, the Portuguese, Dutch, English, and French had all founded colonial trading posts, but after their defeat in the Seven Years' War the French holdings were surrendered to the British East India Company. The collapsing Mughal Empire left a power vacuum that the East India Company would step in and fill. Despite initially possessing no more than a handful of trading posts, the British soon won control of the rich province of Bengal, and continued their territorial expansion from there. Military adventurers using small numbers of British forces mixed with large numbers of Indian auxiliaries won a series of stunning victories against the dying Mughals and the independent princes of states such as Mysore, Rajputana, and the Maratha Confederacy. By 1850, the entire subcontinent was controlled by the British either directly or through alliances. The quarter-century following the bitter Indian revolt of 1857-59, which transferred the East India Company's rule to the British crown, ended with the birth of nationalist agitation.

The Indian National Congress held its first meeting in December 1885 in Bombay even as Indian troops were fighting in upper Burma under the British flag. Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948), later known as Mahatma ("Great-Souled"), was recognized throughout India as the spiritual leader of a nationwide movement for independence. The Jallianwala Bagh (1919) massacre turned millions of moderate Indians from patient and loyal supporters of the British Raj into fervent nationalists. The last years of British rule were racked by increasingly violent Hindu-Muslim conflict and intensified opposition to foreign rule. In July 1947, Britain's Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act, ordering the demarcation of the dominions of India and Pakistan by midnight of August 14, 1947, and dividing within a single month the assets of history's largest and richest colony. India today is the world's largest democracy, with a population estimated at over a billion, and despite widespread poverty is viewed as one of the world's rising powers.

List of CitiesEdit


Founding Order City Name Notes
1 Delhi
2 Bombay
3 Madras
4 Bangalore
5 Calcutta
6 Lahore
7 Karachi
8 Kolhapur
9 Jaipur
10 Hyderabad
11 Bengal
12 Chittagong
13 Punjab
14 Dacca
15 Indus
16 Pune
17 Lucknow
18 Varanasi
19 Bhopal
20 Rajshahi
21 Rangoon
22 Mandalay
23 Peshawar
24 Darjeeling
25 Cochin
26 Cuttack
27 Goa
28 Calicut
29 Rawalpindi
30 Quetta
31 Howrah
32 Triverapatnam
33 Dakpathar
34 Thanjavur
35 Jaunpur
36 Kodaikanal
37 Vrindavan
38 Guwahati
39 Bhalukpong
40 Sonepur
41 Vaishali
42 Rewalsar
43 Kurukshetra
44 Subarnapur
45 Wadhvan
46 Narkanda
47 Dhanaulti
48 Chitradurga
49 Srikakulam
50 Vijayaweda
51 Banswara

Remade List for BtSEdit

Founding Order City Name Notes
1 Delhi* Capital of numerous Indian empires, ITH (>~300 BC)
2 Bombay* (Mumbai) Largest city today, key commercial centre, home of Bollywood, ITH (>~250 BC)
3 Vijayanagara Huge capital and religious centre of the Vijayanagara empire, UNESCO site (1336-1660)
4 Pataliputra (Patna) Capital of Mauryan and Magadh empires, major city today, ITH (>~500 BC)
5 Varanasi*  (Banares) Oldest continuously inhabited city i/t world (>~3000 BC); Hindu holy city, ITH
6 Agra Capital of several Muslim states, in particular Mughal; home of Taj Mahal (>1506 AD)
7 Calcutta* (Kolkata) Major city today, capital of British India (>1699 AD)
8 Lahore* Capital of many Muslim empires, Gardens of the Mughals, 2nd city of Pakistan (>~500 BC)
9 Madras* (Chennai) 4th city today, industrial and cultural centre, key port, ITH (>~1 AD)
10 Bangalore* 3rd city today; cultural centre, important Chola, Vijayanagara city (>~900 AD)
11 Hyderabad* [India] Major city, culture and IT hub (>1590 AD); [Pakistan] "Paris of India' (>1768 AD)
12 Madurai Key commercial and religious centre, important Tamil city ITH; Pandya capital (>~300 BC)
13 Ahmedabad Once capital of a sultanate, key Mughal/colonial industrial centre (>1411 AD)
14 Kolhapur* Major city mentioned in ancient mythology, major Buddhist centre, ITH (>~300 BC)
15 Prayaga (Allahabad) Hindu religious site, capital of Muslim states and Gupta, ITH
16 Ayodhya Pre-modern city ITH; key Buddhist and Jainist centre, featured in Ramayana (>~500 BC)
17 Indraprastha City from the Mahabharata, major Mauryan and Gupta city, near Delhi (~3000 BC-~600 AD)
18 Mathura Capital of Shursen and Kush, key Mauryan trade city, birthplace of Krishna (>~1000 BC)
19 Ujjain Capital of Asoka and Chandragupta, Hindu holy city, mentioned in Mahabharata (>~400 BC)
20 Taxila* Key Vedic, Greek, Mauryan and Buddhist centre, Indo-Parthian capital (~500 BC-500 AD)
21 Gulbarga Capital of Bahmani Sultanate (>~500 AD)
22 Jaunpur* Capital of Sultanate, centre of Sufi & Urdu culture, military stronghold (>1388 AD)
23 Rajagriha First capital of Magadha kingdom, featured in Mahabharata, Buddhist holy city (>~1000 BC)
24 Sravasti Major ancient city and capital of large kingdom, Buddha lived here for 25 years
25 Tiruchirapalli First capital of the Cholas, giant temple city, home of Srirangam (>~500 BC)
26 Thanjavur* Chola capital, Vijayanagara centre and major temple city in south India (>848 AD)
27 Bodhgaya Buddhist holy city, location of Mahabodhi temple
28 Kushinagar Buddhist holy city, where Buddha died, capital of ancient kingdom
29 Amaravati Capital of Satavahanas and major ancient city, site of ancient Buddhist stupa (>~400 BC)
30 Gaur Capital of Pala empire and several Muslim states in Bengal until Mughal times (<~1575 AD)
31 Gwalior Key medieval town, capital of some Muslim states, great fortress and palace, Jain centre
32 Jaipur* Once capital of a princely state, important colonial/industrial/modern city (>1728 AD)
33 Karachi* Site of Krokola (where Alexander built a fleet) & Debal, major modern port (>1772 AD)
34 Dhaka Capital of Bangladesh, commercial and since Mughal times political centre (>~600 AD)
35 Lucknow* Major cultural centre in north India with ancient roots, Mughal capital (>~1500 BC)
36 Jodhpur Major religious, political and trade centre, capital of a medieval kingdom (>1459 AD)
37 Pune* Major city in Western India, educational, industrial and IT centre (>~700 AD)
38 Bhopal* City of Lakes, capital of large princely state, educational and space centre (>~1000 AD)
39 Indore Capital of a princely state, major trade and political centre
40 Kanpur Key colonial/modern military/industrial centre, site of anti-British rebellion (>1207 AD)
41 Nagpur Major colonial/modern city, industrial/political centre (>~940 AD)
42 Peshawar* Key Pakistani city, Kushan capital, key Muslim & Buddhist centre, trade city on Silk Road
43 Multan Key Pakistani city, major commercial and Hindu religious centre, Muslim state (>~2000 BC)
44 Surat Diamond capital of the world, major seaport, foremost trade city of India under Mughal
45 Cochin* Capital of princely state since 1102 AD, major seaport throughout history
46 Cuttack* Ancient city, major trade centre, capital of medieval kingdoms
47 Bhubaneshwar Ancient city, capital of Kalinga, commercial and religious centre, IT hub
48 Tamralipta Key ancient trade city, on the Silk Road (~300 BC-~800 AD)
49 Chittagong* 2nd city of Bangladesh, major seaport (>~800 AD)
50 Guwahati* Ancient city, Assam capital, rapidly growing modern city, major education centre
51 Vijayawada Major modern city, inhabited since stone age, centre for Buddhists, Hindu and Andhra
52 Mysore Capital of Mysore kingdom (1399-1947), major modern city (>~1000 AD)
53 Srirangapatna Major Vijayanagara and Mysore city, huge temple city and pilgrimage site
54 Amritsar Sikh holy city (>1574 AD)
55 Srinagar Important Mauryan, Kushan, Mughal, Sikh city, capital of Muslim states, ITH (>~300 BC)
56 Rewalsar* Sacred site for Buddhism, Hinduism and Sikhism
57 Vaishali* Ancient capital of a republic, major Buddhist and Jain centre (>~600 BC)
58 Cambay Ancient trade city known by Ptolemy, former key seaport, capital of a princely state
59 Anhilwara Powerful city and capital of Gujrat
60 Paharpur Ancient city, greatest Buddhist Vihara in subcontinent, UNESCO site (~700-~1200 AD)
61 Mahasthangarh Ancient city in northern Bangladesh, Hindu pilgrimage site (~600 BC-~1500 AD)
62 Gangai Konda Cholapuram Chola capital of 3 centuries, major temple city in south India
63 Kanchi Major ancient city visited by Buddha and Pallava capital (>~500 BC)
64 Nagapattinam Major port city, key Chola city, important Buddhist centre, known by Ptolemy
65 Kaveripattinam Ancient major seaport known to Ptolemy, Chola capital (<500 AD)
66 Kalyani Capital of the Chalukya dynasty, religious centre
67 Dharwad Capital and cultural centre of Dharwad, Chalukya/Vijayanagara centre, Muslim stronghold
68 Salem Textile capital of the world, fast-growing modern city, religious and industrial centre
69 Coimbatore Major city, industrial and administrative centre (>~200 AD)
70 Masulipatnam Major trade port throughout history, known by Ptolemy and Periplus (>~300 AD)
71 Bidar Capital of Bahmani Sultanate and other Muslim states
72 Golconda Major Muslim administrative centre and fortress, diamond trading city
73 Ellichpur Capital of Sultanate of Berar, administrative centre under Bahmani, industrial centre
74 Warangal Capital of a medieval Hindu kingdom in central India, major economic hub today
75 Halebid Capital of the Haysala empire, major religious centre
76 Pratishthana Capital of the Satavahana empire
77 Bijapur Major city under Chalukya and various Muslim states (>~1000 AD)
78 Solapur Large modern industrial city, religious centre
79 Calicut* Ancient trade port, capital of Hindu kingdom, Vasco da Gama landed here
80 Bharuch Major trade city throughout history, founded by Greeks
81 Mangalore Major west-coast trade city throughout history, known by Pliny and Ptolemy
82 Dhar Medieval city, capital of Paramara, cultural and education centre
83 Amber Capital of Jaipur state until Jaipur city was founded, great fortress (~900 AD)
84 Chittor Rajput stronghold, important medieval city
85 Vrindavan* Holy site and major temple city near Muthara, area where Krishna grew up
86 Badora (Vadodara) Major cultural centre in west India (>~800 AD)
87 Kalpi Major Muslim administrative centre
88 Belur Early capital of Hoysala empire, major temple city
89 Nainital Mountain station under British in Himalayas, administrative centre today (>1841 AD)
90 Jabalpur Cultural, educational, military centre, Tripuri capital and British administrative centre
91 Ranchi Summer capital under the British, capital of Jharkhand and centre of separatist movement
92 Raipur Major modern city, commercial and administrative centre (>~1400 AD)
93 Sonepur* Capital of a princely state in Orissa
94 Bogra Ancient trade centre, Muslim, Buddhist and Hindu holy site, major city of Bangladesh
95 Darjeeling* British mountain retreat/military outpost, famous for tea industry and railway (>1828 AD)
96 Imphal Capital of both ancient kingdom and modern state of Manipur (India east of Bangladesh)
97 Chandigarh Very successful modern planned city (>1950 AD)

Unit DialogueEdit

The Indian units speak Modern Hindi. Corresponding English dialogue appears in parentheses.

Order000: (As you wish!)

Order001: (Move out!)

Order002: (Certainly!)

Order003: (We're on it!)

Order004: (No problem!)

Order005: (Consider it done!)

Order006: Bahuta acchā! (Very good!)

Order007: (On our way!)

Order008: (Let's get moving!)

Order009: (You can count on us!)

Select000: (Reporting for duty!)

Select001: (At your service!)

Select002: (Tell me what to do!)

Select003: (Awaiting your orders!)

Select004: (Ready for action!)

Select005: (What's the plan?)

Select006: Haan? (Yes?)

Select007: (Your orders?)

Select008: (What do you need?)

Select009: (All present and accounted for!)