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Lived: 1625-1672

Jan de Witt, also known as Johan de Witt, was a Dutch statesman and mathematician. He presided over the "Stadholderless Period," when through the timely death of William II of Orange, the Dutch United Provinces found themselves without a head of state, or stadholder. De Witt was fortuitously elected to the position of Grand Pensionary in 1653, and became the effective head of the United Provinces. De Witt, a proponent of the merchant classes, negotiated several treaties with England all while attempting to bring a new level of representative government to his nation. Through de Witt's efforts, the United Provinces were kept free and prosperous, turning the small nation into one of the most powerful of its age. But de Witt's success would not last. When Louis XIV of France invaded the United Provinces, he caught the nation completely by surprise, and the Dutch people turned against de Witt. Both Jan de Witt and his brother were lynched.

Civilization IV: Colonization Founding Fathers
Political

Samuel AdamsBen FranklinPatrick HenryWashington IrvingJohn JayJames MadisonThomas PainePocahontasBetsy RossAlexis de TocquevilleJohn Winthrop

Exploration

Vasco Nunez de BalboaJuan de BermudezPedro Alvares CabralAlexander von HumboldtJuan Ponce de LeonLewis and ClarkJacques MarquetteGonzalo Jimenez de QuesadaJohn SmithGiovanni da Verrazano

Religious

William BrewsterBartolome de las CasasJohn HarvardNathanial HawthorneThomas HookerSor JuanaGabriel LallemantGregorio de Mattos e GuerraWilliam PennJuan de SepulvedaRoger Williams

Trade

John Jacob AstorLord BaltimoreAlexander HamiltonCyrus McCormickPeter MinuitJohn RolfeAdam SmithEli WhitneyJan de Witt

Military

Ethan AllenFrancisco de CoronadoHernan CortesDiego Velazquez de CuellarMarquis de La FayetteJohn Paul JonesPaul Chomedey de MaisonneuveDom Pedro IFrancisco PizarroChief PowhatanHernando de Soto