If Bartolome de Casas was the voice of humanism and concern for the Native Americans, Juan Gines de Sepulveda was the voice of their domination. A Jesuit priest, Sepulveda believed the natives to be natural slaves, not capable of governing themselves. He argued against de Casas at the Valladolid Debate. This debate, organized by King Charles V, was to decide the continued fate of the natives within the Spanish colonial system - continued slavery or emancipation. While Sepulveda lost the debate, and the crown took a position in favor of native freedom, the colonists in the New World ignored to a large extent the King's decree, granting the true victory to Sepulveda.
|Civilization IV: Colonization Founding Fathers|
Vasco Nunez de Balboa • Juan de Bermudez • Pedro Alvares Cabral • Alexander von Humboldt • Juan Ponce de Leon • Lewis and Clark • Jacques Marquette • Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada • John Smith • Giovanni da Verrazano
William Brewster • Bartolome de las Casas • John Harvard • Nathanial Hawthorne • Thomas Hooker • Sor Juana • Gabriel Lallemant • Gregorio de Mattos e Guerra • William Penn • Juan de Sepulveda • Roger Williams
Ethan Allen • Francisco de Coronado • Hernan Cortes • Diego Velazquez de Cuellar • Marquis de La Fayette • John Paul Jones • Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve • Dom Pedro I • Francisco Pizarro • Chief Powhatan • Hernando de Soto