Introduced in Beyond the Sword
Leaders Suryavarman II
Unique Unit Ballista Elephant (replaces War Elephant )
Starting techs Hunting
Unique Building Baray (replaces Aqueduct)
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The Khmer people represent a civilization in Civilization IV.


The Khmer Empire, under the command of Suryavarman II, is a city-building civilization. Not only does the Baray, the Khmer's unique building, provide the health benefits of an Aqueduct, it also provides an extra food, boosting the growth of cities in which it is built. Suryavarman's "Expansive" trait will quickly expand the population of these blossoming cities, while his "Creative" trait will give the security of ever-expanding borders. Finally, the Ballista Elephant, with its high strength and massive bonuses against mounted units, will make any foe think twice before trying to take one of your stunning Khmer metropolises.

Civilopedia EntryEdit

The Khmer Empire was a kingdom located in Southeast Asia from 790 until 1431 AD. At its height, the Khmer Empire covered fully one half of Southeast Asia, encompassing what is today Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and parts of Myanmar.

The Khmer Empire was founded on the remnants of the kingdom of Chenla, which had spread itself across much of Cambodia and Laos, but had become fractured and weakened by the eighth century AD. A former Chenla prince, Jayvaraman II, returned to the area after his education in Java and created the base of power for the Khmer Empire in the region that is today central Cambodia.

The fractured state of Southeast Asia after the collapse of Chenla made the unified strength of the Khmer a welcome presence in the region. The new nation quickly annexed many of its smaller neighbors, sometimes peacefully, sometimes less so.

As their prominence grew, the Khmer kings initiated many grand public works projects. King Yasovarman I, ruling from 889 to 915, built Yasodharapura, the first major capital of the Khmer, on a site that would remain important throughout Khmer history. Yasovarman also constructed the East Baray, a massive raised reservoir that was capable of holding over 60 million cubic meters of water.

Not long after Yasovarman's reign, internal struggles began to sweep the Khmer Empire. And while a number of impressive works of construction were completed during this period, it was not until the reign of Jayavarman V, from 968 to 1001 that the Khmer Empire could again find itself in relative peace. And it would still be another century until Suryavarman II would again make the Khmer a force to be reckoned with.

Ascending to the throne in 1113, Suryavarman II established himself as a firm ruler over the squabbling princes that wreaked havoc on the reign of his father, Suryavarman I. Wisely guiding the forces within his nation, Suryavarman the younger would turn the Khmer Empire into the most powerful kingdom in southeast Asia. Extending his domain over much of neighboring Thailand and Myanmar and constructing Angkor Wat, a monumental temple complex erected not far from the site of the original Khmer capital of Yasodharapura, Suryavarman would guide his Empire to its greatest heights.

Shortly after the death of Suryavarman in 1150, relations would sour between the Khmer and the Champa Empire, former allies of the Khmer, and would lead to the sacking of Angkor Wat in 1177, nearly drawing to an end the reign of the Khmer kingdom. The kingdom would be given one last flourish under the reign of Jayavarman VII, whose keen military insight brought the Champa under Khmer control. A devout Buddhist, Jayavarman also littered the Cambodian countryside with new temples.

Jayavarman's reign would mark the end of the powerful rulers of the Khmer. A Thai uprising established the kingdom of Ayutthaya in 1350, which would eventually absorb all that once was the Khmer Empire within its borders by 1431.

List of CitiesEdit

Founding Order City Name Notes
1 Yasodharapura First Khmer capital in Angkor area, repeatedly used by various Khmer kings
2 Hariharalaya Earliest Khmer capital (near Roluos, not in Angkor)
3 Angkor Thom Largest, most advanced Angkor capital, built by Jayavarman VII
4 Angkor Wat Largest and most famous Angkor temple, capital of Suryavarman II
5 Nagara Jayasri (Preah Khan) Major Angkor city and site of major temples and palaces
6 Rajavihara (Ta Prohm) Temple complex, university and monastery in Angkor
7 Isvarapura (Banteay Srei) City around Banteay Srei, temple of a prominent minister
8 Banteay Kdei Major temple complex and city similar to Ta Prohm and Preah Khan
9 Jayendranagari (Ta Keo) Once an Angkor capital under Jayavarman V, near Yasodharapura
10 Pre Rup Capital after return to Angkor from Koh Ker
11 Vimayapura (Phimai) Important large Khmer city in northeast Thailand
12 Lingapura (Wat Phu) Khmer city in present-day Laos
13 Krong Chaktomuk (Phnom Penh) Khmer capital after the Thai captured Angkor, modern capital
14 Chok Gargyar (Koh Ker) Once a non-Angkor capital (under Jayavarman IV and Hasavarman II)
15 Mahendraparvata (Phnom Kulen) One of the earliest Khmer capitals (not in Angkor)
16 Amarendrapura (Banteay Chhmar) One of the earliest Khmer capitals
17 Indrapura (Kampong Cham/Wat Nokor) Early Khmer capital, now 3rd city of Cambodia
18 Lavo (Lopburi) Important western Khmer centre in Thailand
19 Preah Vihear Major temple complex on present-day Thai-Cambodian border
20 Phanom Rung Major temple complex in eastern Thailand on the Phimai - Angkor road
21 Muang Tam Khmer city on the most important Khmer roadway, from Phimai to Angkor
22 Beng Melea Location of important temple complex built by Suryavarman II
23 Prasat Bakan Major Khmer temple complex and possible capital
24 Singhapura (Mueang Sing) Khmer site in southern Thailand, named in honorary stela
25 Chalieng Khmer outpost in northern Thailand
26 Sukhothai First capital of Thailand, part of the Khmer empire until it revolted
27 Viangchan (Vientiane) Current capital of Laos, once a Khmer city
28 Battambang 2nd city of modern Cambodia and site of Khmer settlements
29 Suryaparvata (Phnom Chisor) Early Khmer temple in south Cambodia built by Suryavarman I
30 Prey Nokor (Ho Chi Minh City) Most important Khmer port until 17th century, in Vietnam
31 O Keo Important port city from Funan onwards, in Medong Valley, Vietnam
32 Aninditapura Chenla (pre-Khmer) capital in Angkor region
33 Isanapura (Sambor Prei Kuk) Lower Chenla (pre-Khmer) capital of Cambodia
34 Shrestapura Upper Chenla (pre-Khmer) capital near Wat Phu in present-day Laos
35 Angkor Borei Cradle of the Khmer people, important pre-Khmer site in southern Cambodia
36 Vyadhapura (Prei Nokor-Ba) Pre-Khmer city conquered by Jayavarman II, capital for Funan
37 Bhavapura Chenla (pre-Khmer) capital of Cambodia and Khmer city
38 Sambhupura Pre-Khmer city conquered by Jayavarman II
39 Lovek Post-Angkor Khmer capitals of some importance, wealthy trade centre
40 Udong Post-Khmer capital of Cambodia before Phnom Penh became permanent capital

Unit DialogueEdit

The Khmer units speak modern Khmer (Cambodian). Corresponding English dialogue appears in parentheses.

Order000: (As you wish!)

Order001: (Move out!)

Order002: (Certainly!)

Order003: (We're on it!)

Order004: (No problem!)

Order005: (Consider it done!)

Order006: (Very well!)

Order007: (On our way!)

Order008: (Let's get moving!)

Order009: (You can count on us!)

Select000: (Reporting for duty!)

Select001: (At your service!)

Select002: (Tell me what to do!)

Select003: (Awaiting your orders!)

Select004: (Ready for action!)

Select005: (What's the plan?)

Select006: (Yes?)

Select007: (Your orders?)

Select008: (What do you need?)

Select009: (All present and accounted for!)