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Lived: 1605-1675

Cecil Calvert, known as Lord Baltimore, was founder of the colony of Maryland, which became a haven for repressed English Catholics. By the age of 26, Baltimore had been thrust into the leadership of the young colony of Maryland thanks to an agreement by his father with the English King, Charles I. A Catholic under the reign of a Protestant nation, Baltimore strove to ensure that his new colony would remain a place of safe worship for Catholics in the New World. During the period of the English Civil War, Baltimore's control over Maryland was brought into question, but ultimately the colony remained a bastion of religious equality on par with William Penn's Pennsylvania.

Civilization IV: Colonization Founding Fathers
Political

Samuel AdamsBen FranklinPatrick HenryWashington IrvingJohn JayJames MadisonThomas PainePocahontasBetsy RossAlexis de TocquevilleJohn Winthrop

Exploration

Vasco Nunez de BalboaJuan de BermudezPedro Alvares CabralAlexander von HumboldtJuan Ponce de LeonLewis and ClarkJacques MarquetteGonzalo Jimenez de QuesadaJohn SmithGiovanni da Verrazano

Religious

William BrewsterBartolome de las CasasJohn HarvardNathanial HawthorneThomas HookerSor JuanaGabriel LallemantGregorio de Mattos e GuerraWilliam PennJuan de SepulvedaRoger Williams

Trade

John Jacob AstorLord BaltimoreAlexander HamiltonCyrus McCormickPeter MinuitJohn RolfeAdam SmithEli WhitneyJan de Witt

Military

Ethan AllenFrancisco de CoronadoHernan CortesDiego Velazquez de CuellarMarquis de La FayetteJohn Paul JonesPaul Chomedey de MaisonneuveDom Pedro IFrancisco PizarroChief PowhatanHernando de Soto