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Montezuma (Civ5)

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Montezuma I
Montezuma (Civ5)

Introduced in Vanilla
Titles Emperor
Civilization Aztec (Civ5) Aztec
Date of birth c. 1397 AD
Date of death 1469 AD
Preferred victory Domination Victory
Language Nahuatl
Voice actor/actress Alfredo Camacho
BackArrowGreen Back to the list of leaders
Montezuma intro
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Montezuma I (c. 1398 AD – 1469 AD) was the fifth Aztec emperor.

In-GameEdit

Montezuma is the leader of the Aztecs in Civilization V. He speaks Modern Nahuatl instead of Classical Nahuatl, as evinced by Spanish influenced words and often not pronouncing the -tl suffix. The background seems to be his dimly lit court with his followers cheering. A tzompantli lines the wall behind him along with two torches, and a disk depicting Coyolxauhqui is set into the wall. Montezuma lacks a cape and wears a feathered headdress and a loincloth.

Capital: Tenochtitlan

Unique Unit: Jaguar

Unique Building: Floating Gardens

Unique Ability: Sacrificial Captives

Voice Actor: Alfredo Camacho

AI TraitsEdit

Trait Amount
Competitiveness 6 (8-4)
Wonder Competitiveness 2 (4-1)
City State Influence Competitiveness 5 (7-3)
Boldness 9 (10-7)
Diplobalance 5 (7-3)
Hate Warmongers 1 (3-1)
Willingness to Denounce 6 (8-4)
Willingness to Declare Friendship 3 (5-1)
Loyalty 4 (6-2)
Neediness 4 (6-2)
Forgiveness 4 (6-2)
Chattiness 4 (6-2)
Meanness 5 (7-3)
Offensive Unit Production 9 (10-7)
Defensive Unit Production 3 (5-1)
Defensive Building Production 4 (6-2)
Military Training Buildings Production 4 (6-2)
Recon Unit Production 6 (8-4)
Ranged Unit Production 5 (7-3)
Mobile Unit Production 5 (7-3)
Naval Unit Production 3 (5-1)
Naval Recon Unit Production 3 (5-1)
Air Unit Production 4 (6-2)
Naval Growth 4 (6-2)
Naval Tile Improvements 4 (6-2)
Water Connections 4 (6-2)
Expansion 8 (10-6)
Growth 5 (7-3)
Tile Improvements 5 (7-3)
Infrastructure (Roads) 5 (7-3)
Production Emphasis 5 (7-3)
Science Emphasis 4 (6-2)
Gold Emphasis 5 (7-3)
Culture Emphasis 6 (8-4)
Happiness Emphasis 6 (8-4)
Great People Emphasis 5 (7-3)
Wonder Emphasis 6 (8-4)
Religion Emphasis 7 (9-5)
Diplomacy Victory 4 (6-2)
Spaceship Victory 7 (9-5)
Nuke Production 8 (10-6)
Use of Nukes 8 (10-6)
Use of Espionage 5 (7-3)
Anti-Air Production 5 (7-3)
Air Carrier Production 6 (8-4)
Land Trade Route Emphasis 5 (7-3)
Sea Trade Route Emphasis 5 (7-3)
Archaeology Emphasis 5 (7-3)
Trade Origin Emphasis 5 (7-3)
Trade Destination Emphasis 5 (7-3)
Airlift Emphasis 5 (7-3)
Likeliness to Declare War 8 (10-6)
Likeliness to be Hostile 6 (8-4)
Likeliness to be Deceptive 7 (9-5)
Likeliness to be Guarded 5 (7-3)
Likeliness to be Afraid 7 (9-5)
Likeliness to be Friendly 4 (6-2)
Likeliness to be Neutral 5 (7-3)
Ignore City States 3 (5-1)
Friendliness to City States 3 (5-1)
Protection of City States 3 (5-1)
Conquest of City States 8 (10-6)
Bullying of City States 8 (10-6)

Personality and BehaviorEdit

Montezuma is very aggressive and will most likely seek a domination victory. On the other hand, he may instead attempt a cultural victory in the middle or late game.

Montezuma will often declare war on every civilization and city-state he meets and swarm them with Jaguars. He will also seek to acquire nukes as soon as possible. He does not, however, hold up well in defensive combat.

Montezuma is very difficult to make friends with. Even if you can befriend him, don't expect him to keep his words, because he can be disloyal.

Although he is a warlike leader, Montezuma will never become angry if the player is attempting to win the game in the same way he is. He is one of the leaders most likely to be afraid, as well.

Civilopedia EntryEdit

HistoryEdit

A mighty warrior and leader, Moctezuma I helped propel the Aztec nation to greatness and glory. He should not be confused with his unfortunate grandson Moctezuma II, who watched helplessly as his empire was dismantled by Spanish Conquistadors.

Early LifeEdit

Montezuma (whose name means "he frowns like a lord") came from a royal family. His father Huitzilihuitl was the
220px-Huehuemoteuczoma mendoza

Moctezuma in the Codex Mendoza

second Aztec "tlatoani" or emperor, and his mother, Miahuaxihuitl, was the daughter of the ruler of the city of Cuauhnahuac. Following his father's death, Moctezuma's uncle Itzcoatl was elected. Moctezuma's older brother Tlacaelel was one of Itzcoatl's closest advisors, while Moctezuma served as a general in the Aztec army.

Following Itzcoatl's death in 1440, Montezuma was elected emperor. Tlacaelel did not seem at all unhappy about being bypassed (perhaps he thought he'd live longer if he didn't get the crown), and by all accounts he served his brother faithfully. Montezuma's coronation was a huge ceremony involving the sacrifice of many prisoners.

A Modest LifestyleEdit

Despite the opulence of his political title, it appears that Moctezuma himself lived modestly, in a simple palace with "just a few wives." When not engaged in religious duties or matters of state, he spent much of his time in consultation with his friends and advisors.

Domestic PolicyEdit

During his reign Moctezuma and his brother Tlacaelel worked to improve the Aztec city Tenochtitlan. Among other improvements they constructed an aqueduct system which brought a good deal of fresh water into the city. Of course as Tenochtitlan grew, in addition to fresh water it required ever greater amounts of food to sustain its hungry population. Since Central America lacked draft animals, every single morsel of food had to be transported to the city on somebody's back. Moctezuma's government employed state inspectors to ensure that every piece of arable land within walking distance was planted and maintained. He also ordered the construction of a dike system to alleviate flooding and to provide more farmland.

Moctezuma and his brother also constructed many temples in and around the city, including a new temple to Huitxilopochtli, the god of battle. The temple of Huitxilopochtli was consecrated in 1455 with the sacrifice of a large number of Huaxtec prisoners of war.

Sumptuary LawsEdit

Probably at the urging of his brother, Tlacaelel, Moctezuma instituted Sumptuary Laws which codified and reinforced the already-stratified Aztec class system. A person's station in life determined what he or she could wear and how he or she could speak. The poor were not allowed to wear cotton cloth, sandals or any clothing that extended below the knee. Only the nobility could live in homes of greater than one story. Crimes were punished by slavery, the lowest of all classes, or by being sacrificed.

Religious ChangesEdit

During Moctezuma's rule, his brother Tlacaelel worked on reforming the Aztec religion. He rewrote the Aztec religious texts, ordering the destruction of many others which did not agree with his interpretations of the Aztec history and religion. Under Tlacaelel the Aztec religion became more militaristic, demanding ever more sacrifices of captured enemy soldiers. The need for prisoners for sacrifice would over time become one of the driving forces behind Aztec foreign policy.

Foreign PolicyEdit

As ruler Moctezuma sought to strengthen the "Triple Alliance" between the Central Mexican city-states of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan. He also expanded the Aztec empire by conquering Panuco, the Totonacs, Coatzocoalcos and the Chalca. Some theorize that he conquered the tribes for their tribute, hoping to ensure a continuous food supply for Tenochtitlan, which despite his best efforts continued to suffer from periodic famine. Another theory is that he did so to feed the Aztec religion's ever-chronic need for prisoners of war to sacrifice. Yet another theory is that he did it because that's what Aztec Emperors did - conquer stuff. The answer is likely to be something of a combination of all three theories.

DeathEdit

Moctezuma died in 1469. He was succeeded by his 19-year-old cousin, Axayacatl, who would be the father of Moctezuma I's namesake, the unfortunate Moctezuma II who would lose everything to Spain.

Judgment of HistoryEdit

Generally, Moctezuma was a successful ruler. He expanded his empire, personally led his armies to victory, and worked hard to improve the lot of his people. He certainly was a bloody man, personally sacrificing thousands of prisoners to his thirsty gods. But his religion said such barbarity was necessary - blood was required to ensure that the sun would rise, the crops would grow, and the Aztec nation would continue to prosper.

Could he have cut back on the ritualized murder? Possibly. But the thought might never have occurred to him - or anybody else in the area at the time. It's useful to remember that the more "enlightened" people of Europe would execute some heretics at the same time. While this doesn't in any way make Moctezuma's actions any better, at least it puts them in some kind of context.

LinesEdit

Intro: I am Moctezuma, emperor of the Aztecs... (Nicuani Moctezuma, Imperator de los Aztecas...) Possibly ends with "Who dares to enter my august presence?" or "What manner of creature are you?" Less likely is "What do I see before me? Another beating heart for my sacrificial fire."
[Note: The first part of the quote would have been, "Nicuani Motecuhzoma, Uey Tlatoani (of the) Mexica..." in Nahuatl derivations with less Spanish.]

Neutral Let's Hear It 01: Go ahead.

Neutral Let's Hear It 02: Proceed.

Neutral Let's Hear It 03: I'm listening.

Neutral Yes 01: Certainly.

Neutral Yes 02: Very well/excellent.

Neutral Yes 03: Very well/excellent.

Neutral No 01: Certainly not!

Neutral No 02: No! (Ahmo!)

Neutral No 03: Certainly not!

Neutral Hello: Welcome, friend.

Hate Hello: What do you want?

Hate Let's Hear It 01: Speak.

Hate Let's Hear It 02: You were saying?

Hate Let's Hear It 03: Go on.

Hate Yes 01: Oh, very well.

Hate Yes 02: I suppose I must.

Hate Yes 03: Excellent.

Hate No 01: Certainly not.
[Note: "Certainly" is likely "mil agua," which is used in Neutral Yes 01.]

Hate No 02: Are you crazy?

Hate No 03: I would rather pierce my bowels with hot skewers!

Attacked: Excellent! Let the blood flow in raging torrents!
[Note: The first word in the sound file is the same as several HateYes and NeutralYes answers.]

Declares War: Die, die, die! (Ximicacan! Ximicacan! Ximicacan!)

Request: Accept this agreement or suffer the consequences. OR Here are my terms. It would be an unfriendly gesture to refuse them.

Defeated: <shocked> Monster! Who are you to destroy my greatness? (Mohc-xi-cuali! Ahcincimo mo qui tia....)

Peaceful: Curses! I will sacrifice ten thousand citizens to expiate this humiliation!

IntroEdit

Welcome, o divine Moctezuma, we grovel in awe at your magnificence, may the heaven shower all manner of good things upon you all the days of your life! You are the leader of the mighty Aztec people, wandering nomads from a lost home in the north who in the 12th century came to live in the mesa central in the heart of what would come to be call Mexico. Surrounded by many tribes fighting to control the rich land surrounding the sacred lakes of Texcoco, Xaltocan, and Zampango. Through cunning alliances and martial prowess, within a mere two hundred years, the Aztecs came to dominate the Central American basin, ruling a mighty empire stretching from sea to sea. The empire at last fell under assault from foreign devils. The accursed Spaniards, wielding fiendish weapons the likes of which your faithful warriors had never seen.

O great king Moctezuma, your people call upon you once more, to rise up and lead them to glory, bring them wealth and power, and give them dominion over their foes and rivals. Will you answer their call, glorious leader? Will you build a civilization that will stand the test of time?

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