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Polynesian (Civ5)

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Polynesian
Polynesian (Civ5)
Introduced in DLC
Leader Kamehameha (Civ5) Kamehameha
Unique unit Maori warrior (Civ5) Maori warrior (replaces Warrior)
Unique improvement Moai (Civ5) Moai
Ability Wayfinding:
  • Can embark and move over Oceans immediately
  • +1 Sight when embarked
  • +10% Combat Strength bonus if within 2 tiles of a Moai
Starts bias Coast (Civ5) Coast
Language spoken Hawaiian
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In Civilization V, Polynesia is a DLC civ that was released in March of 2011. Like the Danes, they have a unique sprite for their embarked units.

  • Musical Theme: Hole Waimea (composed by Geoff Knorr; pedal steel guitar performed by Dave Hadley, ukulele performed by Knorr)
    [Note: This song was originally composed for Kamehameha. The chanting in the war version includes the line "i ku wa," meaning "stand and shout," from "I Ku Mau Mau."]
  • Music Set: Native American
  • Architecture: Polynesian (similar to Asian but colored yellow)
  • Spy Names: Tiki, Hotu Matua, Rongo-ma-tane, Kupe, Haloti, Degei, Babamik, Kulu Lau, Nangananga, Turua
  • Preferred Religion: Christianity (G&K) or Catholicism (BNW)
  • Preferred Ideology: Freedom

StrategyEdit

The Polynesians are a very interesting civilization, mainly because of two things:

  1. Their unique ability to move in open seas from the very start of the game allows them to start settling foreign lands much earlier than any other civilization. To make use of it, build some Triremes ASAP and start exploring the seas - you will be able to find all these interesting places in the middle of the ocean while the other nations are still fighting Barbarians! Then send task forces of some of their fierce Maori Warriors (available conveniently right from the start of the game), followed by Settlers, clear the Barbarians and start creating colonies in the best spots!
  2. Their Moai improvements allow the Polynesians not only to speed up Cultural development, but also to defend their lands. Build them along the borders of your new colonies!

These special advantages are most useful in the early and middle game, so you should really try expanding your empire as fast as possible, while the others are still struggling. Adopt the Liberty social policy tree to help you with that. Use your fierce Maori Warriors to deal with any Barbarian dangers and to defend your early settlements, then upgrade them along the chain to preserve their unique ability.

Also, it goes without saying that you should develop them as a seafaring civilization.

Civilopedia EntryEdit

HistoryEdit

More of a loose collection of islands rather than a unified civilization, Polynesia boasts a rich culture and fascinating history. When most Europeans were mired in the Dark Ages, the Polynesians were perfecting the art of travelling across the mighty Pacific in small wooden canoes, navigating by the stars, weather, and wildlife. Eventually most of the islands were colonized by European powers, but much of the native culture and languages are still fiercely preserved for future generations.

Geography and ClimateEdit

Polynesia is the general name given to the grouping of islands in the central and southern Pacific Ocean, also known as the Polynesian Triangle. Bordered by New Zealand to the west, Hawai'i to the north and Easter Island to the east, the region includes over 1,000 inhabited islands. The name was originally introduced by French writer Charles de Brosses in 1756 to describe all the Pacific islands, but it was later limited to its current definition.

The islands as a whole are volcanic in nature, many with idyllic white beaches, palm trees, and clear lagoons - quintessential island paradises. Polynesia's climate is tropical and warm, but strong trade winds tend to keep many of the islands from reaching scorching temperatures. The islands are sometimes plagued by typhoons, which are active in the region from January to March.

Early History: First SettlersEdit

The ancient history of the Polynesian peoples is still shrouded in mystery, but archeologists and anthropologists currently agree that one of three theories explains how the islands were originally settled.

The first theory, the Express Train model, suggests that some 3,000 years ago settlers expanded westward out of Taiwan over the course of roughly 1,000 years. They mixed little with any other natives they encountered, explaining current Polynesian's genetic and linguistic characteristics. The other two theories, the Entangled Bank and Slow Boat models, describe a longer migration pattern, one which includes mixing and interactions with all the native populaces, specifically the Melanesians.

Regardless of how long it took the first settlers to reach western Polynesia, the path they took has been charted with a fair degree of confidence. The northernmost point, Hawai'i, was settled around 500 AD, followed by New Zealand in 1000 AD. The exact date for when the Polynesians discovered Easter Island is still debated. Some archaeological evidence suggests that the island was first inhabited between 300 and 500 AD, but more recently the date 800 has come into favor. Other scientists believe that the island wasn't inhabited until as late as 1200.

Navigating the WatersEdit

The Polynesian triangle is a vast one, with each side measuring roughly 4,000 miles. To cover this amount of distance over the open ocean required an astonishing degree of naval technology, navigational aptitude, and bravery. Using the technique of wayfinding, navigators memorized the motion of specific stars, weather, local wildlife patterns, and the direction of waves on the ocean. They passed this information down orally to new generations of navigators, the secrets closely guarded by these elite families. To aid in the dangerous crossings, they also developed outrigger supports for their canoes, allowing them to safely cross the vast ocean. Many of these techniques and navigational aids are still passed down and used by modern Polynesian sailors.

Link to the AmericasEdit

Polynesian settlers arrived on the banks of present day Hawai'i sometime around 500 AD, although some evidence does suggest it may have been as early as 300 AD. These early inhabitants were probably from the Marquesas Islands, over 4,000 miles south of Hawai'i. A second wave of immigrants may have arrived from Raiatea and Bora Bora in the 11th century, or even from Tahiti. Some archaeologists favor the Tahitian theory, as an ancient Hawaiian folktale speaks of a man called Pa'ao, conclusively of Tahitian descent. These historians believe that the wave of Tahitian settlers brought with them the line of high chiefs, the Kapu system of laws, and the religious practice of human sacrifice.

Evidence also exists that the Polynesians sailed back across the Pacific once encountering these new lands, spreading American fauna and flora throughout the islands. For example, the sweet potato - a Native American plant - was found widespread through the Polynesian islands when European travelers first encountered the Polynesian settlements.

Arrival of the EuropeansEdit

The Polynesians lived in relative seclusion until the arrival of European powers, searching for new lands and trade routes. Many of the islands began to establish contact with the Europeans in the mid 1500s - some came as explorers and others as religious missionaries. However, in the 1800s many colonial powers, such as France, Britain, and the United States, began to forcefully colonize the inhabited islands, declaring them protectorates and territories of their respective empires. Only a few islands, such as Hawai'i, remained independent during this time.

The Present and FutureEdit

Despite the vast ocean separating the different islands, the native Polynesians still share many similar cultural traits, religious beliefs, and common languages. Sadly, many of the original indigenous people, such as the Maori, are now minorities on the islands, with peoples of European descent composing the main populace. However, most of the native populations on the islands strive to keep their culture and languages alive, and an active and effective process of revitalization and immersion is being pursued in most major areas.

Polynesian TriviaEdit

The word "tattoo" originated in Tahiti and was derived from the local god Tohu, master of painting all the oceans' fish in bright colors and patterns.

Author Robert Louis Stevenson fell in love with the island of Samoa and settled there during his later years.

The Hawaiian archipelago is the largest island chain in the world, measuring at some 1,500 miles from end to end.

List of CitiesEdit

Founding Order City Name Notes
1 Honolulu Capital of Hawai'i
2 Samoa Sovereign state
3 Tonga Sovereign state
4 Nuku Hiva Largest island in the Marquesas, French Polynesia
5 Raiatea Second largest in French Polynesia
6 Aotearoa Original Maori name of New Zealand
7 Tahiti Largest and most well-known island in French Polynesia
8 Hilo City on the island of Hawai'i
9 Te Wai Pounamu Maori name for South Island, New Zealand
10 Rapa Nui Native name of Easter Island, Chile
11 Tuamotu Chain of islands and atolls in French Polynesia
12 Rarotonga Most populous island of the Cook Islands, New Zealand
13 Tuvalu Sovereign state
14 Tubuai Main island of the Tubuai Island group in French Polynesia
15 Mangareva Central and largest island of the Gambier Island group in French Polynesia
16 Oahu Most populous island in Hawai'i
17 Kiritimati Largest coral atoll in the world, in Kiribati
18 Ontong Java One of the largest atolls in the world, in the Solomon Islands
19 Niue Unofficial country in free association with New Zealand
20 Rekohu Moriori name for the Chatham Islands in New Zealand
21 Rakahanga Atoll in the Cook Islands
22 Bora Bora Atoll in French Polynesia
23 Kailua City on the Hawaiian island of Oahu
24 Uvea Native name for Wallis Island in the Wallis and Futuna Islands
25 Futuna
26 Rotuma
27 Tokelau
28 Lahaina
29 Bellona
30 Mungava
31 Tikopia
32 Emae
33 Kapingamarangi
34 Takuu
35 Nukuoro
36 Sikaiana
37 Anuta
38 Nuguria
39 Pileni
40 Nukumanu

Related achievements

Steam achievement Law of the Splintered Paddle (Civ5)
Law of the Splintered Paddle
Beat the game on any difficultly as Kamehameha.

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