Portuguese (Civ4)
Introduced in Beyond the Sword
Leaders Joao II
Unique Unit Carrack (replaces Caravel )
Starting techs Fishing
Unique Building Feitoria (replaces Customs House)
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The Portuguese people represent a civilization in Civilization IV.


As a naval empire, the Portuguese shine when placed near the sea. The Feitoria building, the Portuguese replacement for the Customs House, must border water to be built but the sheer amount of commerce it creates will make any restriction worth the while of its builder. And with the combined strength of Joao's "Expansive" and "Imperialistic" traits, allowing a healthy empire to be developed at breakneck speeds, and the Portuguese Carrack, a Caravel replacement that allows the Portuguese to begin exploring the seas far before any other, no other civilization in the game can compare to the sheer colony constructing power of the Portuguese.

Civilopedia EntryEdit

The area which encompasses modern Portugal was originally settled by Celtic tribes around 1000 BC and was then subsequently conquered by the Visigoths and finally the Moors. The Christian Kings of Asturia eventually drove the Moors out of the area; the new nation of Portugal was formed after its separation from Spanish rule.

Portugal was one of the first great internationally based sea empires in the European world. Between 1415 and 1665, Portugal created a series of resting and refueling ports along the eastern and western coasts of Africa in a bid to eventually reach the profitable shores of India. In 1498 they achieved their goals when Vasco da Gama reached Kozhikode (known then as Calicut). Several important battles took place between the Arabs (who had previously monopolized spice trade in the Indian Ocean) and the Portuguese during this era, the most important of them being the victory over the Egyptian-Gujarati fleet off of Diu in 1509. This victory assured the Portuguese maritime superiority in the Indian Ocean and enabled them to capitalize on the rich spice trade routes between India and Europe. However, in 1578 King Sebastian of Portugal was killed at the battle of "Field of the Three Kings" in Morocco (which Portugal had long hoped to conquer), along with the majority of his force, destroying a central part of Portugal's land armies.

In 1580 the throne of Portugal was given over to the Habsburg kings of Spain, partially a result of the Portuguese weakness after the demise of its own king. At the same time, Portuguese power in both the east and west was declining due to a lack of skilled sailors available in Portugal. The English and the Dutch had also been amassing large navies, and began expanding their spheres of influence along routes traditionally held solely by the Portuguese. Although the Portuguese wrested national control back from the Spanish in a 1640 revolt, they lost their control in Malacca, Ceylon, Cochin, Hormuz, among many others to the Dutch or other seafaring nations. With their eastern territories diminishing, Brazil, discovered by Pedro Alvares Cabral in 1500, became increasingly important.

Gold was discovered in Brazil in 1690, which had previously been exploited mostly for its dyewood, sugar, diamonds, tobacco and slaves. The ensuing gold rush boosted the population of Brazil from 200,000 in 1650 to 1.5 million in 1770. Brazil today remains the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world.

In 1808, French troops under Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Portugal, forcing the prince regent, Dom João, to flee to Brazil and set up a new government. In 1821, the royal family moved back to Portugal after reclaiming the country. Dom João stayed behind, and then his son, Dom Pedro I, ruled Brazil until the country broke away from its mother country, declaring independence in 1822.

After losing Brazil, Portugal focused on building its African acquisitions in order to compete with their British and French counterparts. However, after World War II, the majority of European nations began abandoning their outlying colonies. India forcibly retook the Portuguese colonies still in their territory. In 1974, a democratic government was established in Portugal. This new government negotiated the release of its African holdings, which were promptly devastated by civil war and vicious in-fighting generated by the Cold War.

Today Portugal is ruled from its capital in Lisbon as a democratic republic under the constitution of 1976. It remains an important participant in the European Union as well as one of the major environmental reformers of Europe.

List of CitiesEdit

Founding Order City Name Notes
1 Lisbon (Lisboa) Capital of Portugal since the 13th century, important trade centre
2 Oporto (Porto) Second city and principal industrial centre of Portugal
3 Guimarães "Cradle City", first capital of Portugal; birthplace of Afonso I
4 Coimbra Capital of Portugal in 12th and 13th centuries; major political, cultural and science city
5 Évora Major Portuguese city, royal seat and science centre in medieval times
6 Lagos Principal naval centre of pre-modern Portugal; home of Henry the Navigator
7 Braga Third city of Portugal, important religious centre, principal northern city
8 Leiria Major medieval and modern city, important industrial centre
9 Faro Important pre-Renaissance city in Algarve, administrative and religious city
10 Santarém Important pre-Renaissance cultural, religious and political centre
11 Braganza (Bragança) Ancient city and seat of the House of Bragança, main royal line
12 Sagres Location of Henry's School of Navigation, important Neolithic religious site
13 Aveiro Major industrial and port city
14 Viseu Important cultural and religious centre; early residence of Spanish king
15 Tomar Important medieval city and HQ of the Order of the Knights Templar
16 Cintra (Sintra) Central Portuguese city and site of medieval to modern royal palaces
17 Portalegre Important administrative centre since 16th century; industrial centre
18 Abrantes Major military outpost and administrative centre
19 Guarda Major modern city in the north founded by Sancho I, 2nd king of Portugal
20 Chaves Border town in the north, site of major fortifications and two major battles
21 Elvas Border town in the south, site of major fortifications and several sieges
22 Covilhã Important industrial centre since Renaissance times
23 Silves Important city under Moorish rule, once capital of the Algarve
24 Vila Real Important science centre
25 Tavira Important pre-modern trading centre in the Algarve
26 Leixões Major seaport of Portugal
27 Setúbal Important industrial age centre for fishing industry; medieval monastery
28 Beja Old, large city and religious centre in southern Portugal
29 Soure Headquarters of the Knights Hospitaller
30 Lamego Medieval city where first king Afonso was coronated
31 Palmela Important strategic fortress and modern industrial centre
32 Serpa Stronghold near Spanish border in south, important Moorish city
33 Sines City in southern Portugal, hometown of Vasco da Gama
34 Almada Important old city near Lisbon
35 Estremoz Major old city in southern Portugal
36 Alcácer do Sal Important city in the south
37 Mértola Important city in the south
38 Miranda do Douro Border city with Spain near Zamora in the north
39 Angra do Heroísmo Traditional capital and oldest city of the Azores
40 Bahia (Salvador) First capital of Brazil
41 Rio de Janeiro Briefly capital of Portugal and long capital of Brazil
42 São Paulo One of the oldest settlements in Brazil, currently largest city
43 Luanda Most important colony in Africa
44 Goa Most important colony in India, once similar in importance to Lisbon
45 Macao (Macau) Most important colony in China

Unit DialogueEdit

The Portuguese units speak modern Portuguese. Particularly, the speaker is European Portuguese with some phonemes at the end of the word. Corresponding English dialogue appears in parentheses.

Order000: Como queira. (As you wish.)

Order001: Saiam daí! (Get out of there!)

Order002: Certo. (Right.)

Order003: Estamos ao corrente. (Roger that.)

Order004: Sem problemas. (No problem.)

Order005: Considere como feito. (Consider it done.)

Order006: Muito bem. (Very well.)

Order007: Vamos! (Let's go!)

Order008: Toca a andar. (Let's move out.)

Order009: Pode contar connosco. (You can count on us.)

Select000: Apresentando-se ao serviço. (Reporting for duty.)

Select001: Às suas ordens. (At your command.)

Select002: Diga-me o que tenho de fazer. (Tell me what to do.)

Select003: Aguardo as suas ordens. (Awaiting your orders.)

Select004: Pronto para acção. (Ready for action.)

Select005: Qual é o plano? (What's the plan?)

Select006: Sim? (Yes?)

Select007: Quais são as suas ordens? ((What are) Your orders?)

Select008: Do que precisa? (What do you need?)

Select009: Estão todos presentes. (Everybody is present.)