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|Beyond the Sword|
|Unique Unit||Carrack (replaces Caravel )|
|Starting techs|| Fishing|
|Unique Building||Feitoria (replaces Customs House)|
The Portuguese people represent a civilization in Civilization IV.
As a naval empire, the Portuguese shine when placed near the sea. The Feitoria building, the Portuguese replacement for the Customs House, must border water to be built but the sheer amount of commerce it creates will make any restriction worth the while of its builder. And with the combined strength of Joao's "Expansive" and "Imperialistic" traits, allowing a healthy empire to be developed at breakneck speeds, and the Portuguese Carrack, a Caravel replacement that allows the Portuguese to begin exploring the seas far before any other, no other civilization in the game can compare to the sheer colony constructing power of the Portuguese.
The area which encompasses modern Portugal was originally settled by Celtic tribes around 1000 BC and was then subsequently conquered by the Visigoths and finally the Moors. The Christian Kings of Asturia eventually drove the Moors out of the area; the new nation of Portugal was formed after its separation from Spanish rule.
Portugal was one of the first great internationally based sea empires in the European world. Between 1415 and 1665, Portugal created a series of resting and refueling ports along the eastern and western coasts of Africa in a bid to eventually reach the profitable shores of India. In 1498 they achieved their goals when Vasco da Gama reached Kozhikode (known then as Calicut). Several important battles took place between the Arabs (who had previously monopolized spice trade in the Indian Ocean) and the Portuguese during this era, the most important of them being the victory over the Egyptian-Gujarati fleet off of Diu in 1509. This victory assured the Portuguese maritime superiority in the Indian Ocean and enabled them to capitalize on the rich spice trade routes between India and Europe. However, in 1578 King Sebastian of Portugal was killed at the battle of "Field of the Three Kings" in Morocco (which Portugal had long hoped to conquer), along with the majority of his force, destroying a central part of Portugal's land armies.
In 1580 the throne of Portugal was given over to the Habsburg kings of Spain, partially a result of the Portuguese weakness after the demise of its own king. At the same time, Portuguese power in both the east and west was declining due to a lack of skilled sailors available in Portugal. The English and the Dutch had also been amassing large navies, and began expanding their spheres of influence along routes traditionally held solely by the Portuguese. Although the Portuguese wrested national control back from the Spanish in a 1640 revolt, they lost their control in Malacca, Ceylon, Cochin, Hormuz, among many others to the Dutch or other seafaring nations. With their eastern territories diminishing, Brazil, discovered by Pedro Alvares Cabral in 1500, became increasingly important.
Gold was discovered in Brazil in 1690, which had previously been exploited mostly for its dyewood, sugar, diamonds, tobacco and slaves. The ensuing gold rush boosted the population of Brazil from 200,000 in 1650 to 1.5 million in 1770. Brazil today remains the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world.
In 1808, French troops under Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Portugal, forcing the prince regent, Dom João, to flee to Brazil and set up a new government. In 1821, the royal family moved back to Portugal after reclaiming the country. Dom João stayed behind, and then his son, Dom Pedro I, ruled Brazil until the country broke away from its mother country, declaring independence in 1822.
After losing Brazil, Portugal focused on building its African acquisitions in order to compete with their British and French counterparts. However, after World War II, the majority of European nations began abandoning their outlying colonies. India forcibly retook the Portuguese colonies still in their territory. In 1974, a democratic government was established in Portugal. This new government negotiated the release of its African holdings, which were promptly devastated by civil war and vicious in-fighting generated by the Cold War.
Today Portugal is ruled from its capital in Lisbon as a democratic republic under the constitution of 1976. It remains an important participant in the European Union as well as one of the major environmental reformers of Europe.
List of CitiesEdit
|Founding Order||City Name||Notes|
|1||Lisbon||(Lisboa) Capital of Portugal since the 13th century, important trade centre|
|2||Oporto||(Porto) Second city and principal industrial centre of Portugal|
|3||Guimarães||"Cradle City", first capital of Portugal; birthplace of Afonso I|
|4||Coimbra||Capital of Portugal in 12th and 13th centuries; major political, cultural and science city|
|5||Évora||Major Portuguese city, royal seat and science centre in medieval times|
|6||Lagos||Principal naval centre of pre-modern Portugal; home of Henry the Navigator|
|7||Braga||Third city of Portugal, important religious centre, principal northern city|
|8||Leiria||Major medieval and modern city, important industrial centre|
|9||Faro||Important pre-Renaissance city in Algarve, administrative and religious city|
|10||Santarém||Important pre-Renaissance cultural, religious and political centre|
|11||Braganza||(Bragança) Ancient city and seat of the House of Bragança, main royal line|
|12||Sagres||Location of Henry's School of Navigation, important Neolithic religious site|
|13||Aveiro||Major industrial and port city|
|14||Viseu||Important cultural and religious centre; early residence of Spanish king|
|15||Tomar||Important medieval city and HQ of the Order of the Knights Templar|
|16||Cintra||(Sintra) Central Portuguese city and site of medieval to modern royal palaces|
|17||Portalegre||Important administrative centre since 16th century; industrial centre|
|18||Abrantes||Major military outpost and administrative centre|
|19||Guarda||Major modern city in the north founded by Sancho I, 2nd king of Portugal|
|20||Chaves||Border town in the north, site of major fortifications and two major battles|
|21||Elvas||Border town in the south, site of major fortifications and several sieges|
|22||Covilhã||Important industrial centre since Renaissance times|
|23||Silves||Important city under Moorish rule, once capital of the Algarve|
|24||Vila Real||Important science centre|
|25||Tavira||Important pre-modern trading centre in the Algarve|
|26||Leixões||Major seaport of Portugal|
|27||Setúbal||Important industrial age centre for fishing industry; medieval monastery|
|28||Beja||Old, large city and religious centre in southern Portugal|
|29||Soure||Headquarters of the Knights Hospitaller|
|30||Lamego||Medieval city where first king Afonso was coronated|
|31||Palmela||Important strategic fortress and modern industrial centre|
|32||Serpa||Stronghold near Spanish border in south, important Moorish city|
|33||Sines||City in southern Portugal, hometown of Vasco da Gama|
|34||Almada||Important old city near Lisbon|
|35||Estremoz||Major old city in southern Portugal|
|36||Alcácer do Sal||Important city in the south|
|37||Mértola||Important city in the south|
|38||Miranda do Douro||Border city with Spain near Zamora in the north|
|39||Angra do Heroísmo||Traditional capital and oldest city of the Azores|
|40||Bahia||(Salvador) First capital of Brazil|
|41||Rio de Janeiro||Briefly capital of Portugal and long capital of Brazil|
|42||São Paulo||One of the oldest settlements in Brazil, currently largest city|
|43||Luanda||Most important colony in Africa|
|44||Goa||Most important colony in India, once similar in importance to Lisbon|
|45||Macao||(Macau) Most important colony in China|
The Portuguese units speak modern Portuguese. Particularly, the speaker is European Portuguese with some phonemes at the end of the word. Corresponding English dialogue appears in parentheses.
Order000: Como queira. (As you wish.)
Order001: Saiam daí! (Get out of there!)
Order002: Certo. (Right.)
Order003: Estamos ao corrente. (Roger that.)
Order004: Sem problemas. (No problem.)
Order005: Considere como feito. (Consider it done.)
Order006: Muito bem. (Very well.)
Order007: Vamos! (Let's go!)
Order008: Toca a andar. (Let's move out.)
Order009: Pode contar connosco. (You can count on us.)
Select000: Apresentando-se ao serviço. (Reporting for duty.)
Select001: Às suas ordens. (At your command.)
Select002: Diga-me o que tenho de fazer. (Tell me what to do.)
Select003: Aguardo as suas ordens. (Awaiting your orders.)
Select004: Pronto para acção. (Ready for action.)
Select005: Qual é o plano? (What's the plan?)
Select006: Sim? (Yes?)
Select007: Quais são as suas ordens? ((What are) Your orders?)
Select008: Do que precisa? (What do you need?)
Select009: Estão todos presentes. (Everybody is present.)