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Privateers were government-sanctioned pirate ships prominent from the 17th to 19th century. Pillaging for their lords in the world's shipping lanes, Privateers bore no marking of their fealty, making it impossible to trace their employer (short of viewing the "Letter of Marque" that commissioned them). Successful Privateers, such as Sir Francis Drake in the employ of Queen Elizabeth I or Barbarossa under Sultan Suleiman I, wreaked havoc among the merchant vessels of rival nations, securing for themselves and their sovereigns significant booty. In addition, the disruptive effect these naval bandits had upon the enemies of their lords did much to ensure the naval supremacy of their home nations.