Introduced in Vanilla
|Titles|| Ramesses the Great
The Great Ancestor
|Date of birth||1300s B.C.|
|Date of death||1213 B.C.|
|Preferred victory||Scientific Victory|
|Voice actor/actress||George Saad|
Ramesses II was the third Egyptian pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty. He lived from 1300s BC to 1213 BC and was pharaoh from 1279 BC to 1213 BC.
He is the leader of the Egyptians in Civilization V and speaks Egyptian Arabic instead of Ancient Egyptian, Most likely because no pronunciation guides were ever recorded for the latter language. Written Ancient Egyptians (the Hieroglyphs) leaves out vowels. Nonetheless, scholars can read and understand the language. There is also a modern descendant called Coptic which is only spoken by a few people. Ramesses in-game is sitting on a throne and his palace is open-air.Capital: Thebes
Unique Unit: War Chariot
Unique Building: Burial Tomb
Unique Ability: Monument Builders
Voice Actor: George Saad
|Wonder Competitiveness||9 (10-7)|
|City State Influence Competitiveness||5 (7-3)|
|Hate Warmongers||6 (8-4)|
|Willingness to Denounce||4 (6-2)|
|Willingness to Declare Friendship||6 (8-4)|
|Offensive Unit Production||4 (6-2)|
|Defensive Unit Production||6 (8-4)|
|Defensive Building Production||6 (8-4)|
|Military Training Buildings Production||3 (5-1)|
|Recon Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Ranged Unit Production||6 (8-4)|
|Mobile Unit Production||6 (8-4)|
|Naval Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Naval Recon Unit Production||3 (5-1)|
|Air Unit Production||4 (6-2)|
|Naval Growth||5 (7-3)|
|Naval Tile Improvements||5 (7-3)|
|Water Connections||5 (7-3)|
|Tile Improvements||7 (9-5)|
|Infrastructure (Roads)||5 (7-3)|
|Production Emphasis||7 (9-5)|
|Science Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Gold Emphasis||6 (8-4)|
|Culture Emphasis||7 (9-6)|
|Happiness Emphasis||6 (8-4)|
|Great People Emphasis||6 (8-4)|
|Wonder Emphasis||10 (10-8)|
|Diplomacy victory||5 (7-3)|
|Spaceship victory||8 (10-6)|
|Use of Nukes||8 (10-6)|
|Likeliness to Declare War||3 (5-1)|
|Likeliness to be Hostile||7 (9-5)|
|Likeliness to be Deceptive||6 (8-4)|
|Likeliness to be Guarded||7 (9-5)|
|Likeliness to be Afraid||6 (8-4)|
|Likeliness to be Friendly||5 (7-3)|
|Likeliness to be Neutral||5 (7-3)|
|Ignore City States||5 (7-3)|
|Friendliness to City Sates||5 (7-3)|
|Protection of City States||7 (9-5)|
|Conquest of City States||5 (7-3)|
Ramesses focuses his attention on building as many wonders as possible. His unique ability gives Egypt a boost when building wonders. If the player receives a lot of notifications saying ‘X has been built in a faraway land’, it is likely Ramesses, beating you to every wonder. He will become jealous if the player completes wonders he wanted to build.
Ramesses will not raise a large army; however he is very likely to use nukes. Ramesses will normally try to win a science or culture victory.
In the hands of a player, culture victory is the most obvious one to seek for without building many cities.
However, rapidly expanding works well with Egypt because Burial Tombs have +2 happiness, which eliminates 2/3 of unhappiness caused by a city. This leaves the door for other victory conditions more open.
Ramesses II is considered to be Egypt's greatest and most powerful pharaoh. Taking the throne in his twenties, Ramesses ruled Egypt for more than 60 years. Ramesses is remembered as a great military leader as well as for the extensive construction programs he instituted. He is also remembered for building a new capital city, Pi-Ramesses. Some historians believe that Ramesses is the pharaoh in the biblical story of Moses. He died cause of old age.
Egypt having recently emerged from a period of declining power and prestige, Ramesses' father, Seti I, spent a good deal of time subduing rebellious provinces in Asia. The Hittites, based in Asia Minor, were extending their power southward, and the two great civilizations were engaged in a protracted struggle for control of Syria and Palestine. The young Ramesses accompanied his father on some of these campaigns; by the age of 10 he was given the rank of captain – though this was almost certainly ceremonial, it does suggest that his military training began at an extremely young age. Ramesses assumed the throne in his early twenties, following his father's death.
Four years after becoming pharaoh, Ramesses led an army north to retake the rebellious provinces that his father had been unable to conquer. The campaign was apparently successful, and the army advanced as far as Beirut. In the following year Ramesses attacked the Hittite stronghold at Kadesh. The Battle of Kadesh <link to fun fact, below> is one of the few battles from that period of which we have records. Believing the citadel to be abandoned, Ramesses approached incautiously and was ambushed by a large Hittite chariot force hiding beyond the fort. Although Ramesses achieved a marginal victory in that battle, his army was so weakened that he had to retreat to Egypt, leaving the fort in Hittite hands. Ramesses continued to battle the Hittites for some twelve more years, attaining tactical victories, but unable to hold the contested land for any time.
In addition to his wars with the Hittites, Ramesses campaigned in Nubia and Libya, extending his rule to the west and south. However these were of much less importance as these enemies posed little threat to the survival of Egypt.
Peace with the HittitesEdit
Eventually realizing that further combat was pointless, in the twenty-first year of his reign, Ramesses agreed to a peace treaty with the Hittites. This is the earliest known peace treaty in recorded history. Interestingly, the treaty was written in two versions: the Egyptian version states that the Hittites sued for peace while the Hittite version states that it was the Egyptians who requested an end to hostilities.
This treaty appears to have stabilized the borders between the two great powers, and no further combat between Egypt and the Hittites occurred during Ramesses' reign.
Early in his reign Ramesses moved his capital from Thebes north to a city in the Nile Delta, which he renamed "Pi- Ramesses." The new location was near to his ancestral home, but more importantly it was far closer to the troublesome Northern provinces and the dangerous Hittite border. In a few short years the once-sleepy village was transformed into a major governmental center as well as an arms manufactory. The city was graced with a beautiful palace and many temples, as well as numerous statues and other ornaments.
Pi- Ramesses was abandoned long after Ramesses' reign. For many centuries the site was lost, but archeologists have recently discovered ruins that they believe belong to the ancient city.
During his reign Ramesses constructed many public works across Egypt. Many of these were temples and monuments, but he also constructed storehouses, government buildings, water works, and so forth. Evidently a tireless self-promoter, Ramesses covered Egypt with statues and carvings of himself, often recarving those of previous pharaohs with his name and image. (Ramesses ordered his masons to deeply engrave his image in the stone so that future pharaohs would have trouble doing the same to him.)
Many historians believe that Pi- Ramesses is the city "Raamses" mentioned in the Old Testament of the Bible, one of the "Treasure Cities" constructed by the Israelites during their Egyptian Captivity. Some believe that Ramesses is in fact the pharaoh of the Biblical story of the Exodus, the ruler who Moses forced to free his people. However, this is open to debate (particularly since Ramesses II lived a very long life and emphatically did not drown in the Red Sea).
Death and BurialEdit
Ramesses died at the age of 90. He was buried in a tomb in the Valley of the Kings, but he was later moved to a secret location. His body was discovered in the late 19th century and is now on display in the Cairo Museum. It is difficult to guess whether the pharaoh would be outraged by the desecration or if he would enjoy the publicity.
Verdict of HistoryEdit
Ramesses II ruled Egypt as pharaoh for approximately 66 years, the second longest reign in Egyptian history. He stabilized his empire's borders and concluded a highly successful peace treaty with its most important rival, the Hittites. He clearly cared for his people's welfare and spent much treasure on massive public works. He is regarded by later Egyptians as the greatest pharaoh in history, a conclusion it is difficult to dispute.
Intro: Greetings, I am Ramesses the god. I am the living embodiment of Egypt, mother and father of all civilizations.
Attacked: You are a fool who deserves sympathy. You have doomed yourself and your pathetic civilization.
Declares War: You are but a pest on this Earth, prepare for your death.
Defeated: Strike me down and my soul will torment yours forever - You have won nothing.
Hate Hear It 01: And then?
Hate Hear It 02: Continue your speech (In English you would just say 'please continue')
Hate Hello: Oh, its you.
Hate No 01: This is unacceptable.
Hate No 02: You cannot be serious about your request.
Hate No 03: Excuse me?
Hate Yes 01: Oh OK.
Hate Yes 02: I think I should agree.
Neutral Hear It 01: Go on.
Neutral Hear It 02: Speak.
Neutral Hear It 03: I am all ears (literally, "I am all listening ears")
Neutral Hello: May your day be good [Would be used in same context as 'Good Morning'/'Good Evening']
Neutral No 01: No.
Neutral No 02: Definitely not.
Neutral Yes 01: Very Well.
Neutral Yes 02: OK.
Peaceful: You know I could have destroyed you, but I am feeling generous today.
Request: Generous Egypt makes you this offer.
We great thee, oh great Ramesses, Pharaoh of Egypt, who causes the sun to rise and the Nile to flow, and who blesses his fortunate people with all the good things of life! Oh great lord, from time immemorial your people lived on the banks of the Nile river, where they brought writing to the world, and advanced mathematics, sculpture, and architecture. Thousands of years ago they created the great monuments which still stand tall and proud.
Oh, Ramesses, for uncounted years your people endured, as other petty nations around them have risen and then fallen into dust. They look to you to lead them once more into greatness. Can you honor the gods and bring Egypt back to her rightful place at the very center of the world? Can you build a civilization that will stand the test of time?