Thomas Hooker was the founder of Hartford, Connecticut and a Puritan preacher. Born in Leicestershire, England in 1586, Hooker received an extensive religious education. Despite this education, Hooker took a position as a lecturer in Chelmsford, England, a town renowned for its debauchery. Hooker, while effective as a lecturer, was known for having less than orthodox views regarding personal faith, something his superiors found less than acceptable. Hooker, forced into exile, fled to the colony of Massachusetts. There he resumed his preaching, but came into disagreement with John Cotton, minister and co-founder of Boston. Cotton believed that no man should be allowed to vote without participation in the church, where Hooker believed all men should have the right to vote. So bitter their conflict became that Hooker left the Massachusetts colony, heading south, to found a colony named Hartford. Those who followed Hooker joined him in signing the Fundamental Orders, which some regard as America's first written constitution. Hartford would later merge with several nearby cities, and Hooker's small settlement would become the heart of a thriving new colony - Connecticut.
|Civilization IV: Colonization Founding Fathers|
Vasco Nunez de Balboa • Juan de Bermudez • Pedro Alvares Cabral • Alexander von Humboldt • Juan Ponce de Leon • Lewis and Clark • Jacques Marquette • Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada • John Smith • Giovanni da Verrazano
William Brewster • Bartolome de las Casas • John Harvard • Nathanial Hawthorne • Thomas Hooker • Sor Juana • Gabriel Lallemant • Gregorio de Mattos e Guerra • William Penn • Juan de Sepulveda • Roger Williams
Ethan Allen • Francisco de Coronado • Hernan Cortes • Diego Velazquez de Cuellar • Marquis de La Fayette • John Paul Jones • Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve • Dom Pedro I • Francisco Pizarro • Chief Powhatan • Hernando de Soto