William I (24 April 1533 – 10 July 1584), also known as Willem van Oranje, William of Orange, or William the Silent, was the main leader of Dutch revolts against the Spanish in the Eighty Years' War and the founder of the United Provinces in 1581.
William I is the leader of the Dutch in Civilization V: Gods & Kings. He speaks an archaic form of Dutch, which still resembles the Dutch spoken in the southern part of the Netherlands. (In reality he would have spoken French, though he could have spoken some Dutch as well.) The room in which William is standing resembles the one in The Geographer, a painting by Johannes Vermeer.
Unique Ability: East India Company
Voice Actor: Ilari Hoevenaars
|Wonder Competitiveness||4 (6-2)|
|City-State Influence Competitiveness||6 (8-4)|
|Hate Warmongers||6 (8-4)|
|Willingness to Denounce||5 (7-3)|
|Willingness to Declare Friendship||7 (9-5)|
|Offensive Unit Production||3 (5-1)|
|Defensive Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Defensive Building Production||7 (9-5)|
|Military Training Buildings Production||4 (6-2)|
|Recon Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Ranged Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Mobile Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Naval Unit Production||8 (10-6)|
|Naval Recon Unit Production||8 (10-6)|
|Air Unit Production||5 (7-3)|
|Naval Growth||8 (10-6)|
|Naval Tile Improvements||8 (10-6)|
|Water Connections||8 (10-6)|
|Tile Improvements||7 (9-5)|
|Infrastructure (Roads)||6 (8-4)|
|Production Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Gold Emphasis||7 (9-5)|
|Science Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Culture Emphasis||6 (8-4)|
|Happiness Emphasis||8 (10-6)|
|Great People Emphasis||6 (8-4)|
|Wonder Emphasis||4 (6-2)|
|Religion Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Diplomacy Victory||6 (8-4)|
|Spaceship Victory||5 (7-3)|
|Nuke Production||5 (7-3)|
|Use of Nukes||5 (7-3)|
|Use of Espionage||5 (7-3)|
|Anti-Air Production||5 (7-3)|
|Air Carrier Production||5 (7-3)|
|Land Trade Route Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Sea Trade Route Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Archaeology Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Trade Origin Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Trade Destination Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Airlift Emphasis||5 (7-3)|
|Use of Espionage||5 (7-3)|
|Likeliness to Declare War||4 (6-2)|
|Likeliness to be Hostile||5 (7-3)|
|Likeliness to be Deceptive||4 (6-2)|
|Likeliness to be Guarded||6 (8-4)|
|Likeliness to be Afraid||5 (7-3)|
|Likeliness to be Friendly||6 (8-4)|
|Likeliness to be Neutral||6 (8-4)|
|Ignore City-States||4 (6-2)|
|Friendliness to City-States||7 (9-5)|
|Protection of City-States||7 (9-5)|
|Conquest of City-States||4 (6-2)|
|Bullying of City-States||4 (6-2)|
Personality and BehaviorEdit
William will likely aim for either a diplomatic victory or a cultural victory.
William focuses on building his navy, as well as happiness. His empire tends to have a well-developed economy and many tile improvements, and his water connections will be some of the best.
Despite his emphasis on naval forces, William shows a pretty small interest in raising a strong army. His cities, however, will be very well defended.
William is generally a trustworthy ally, as he is very loyal and likes to declare friendship. This may change, however, if William sees the player as a warmonger.
William will also try to befriend and protect city-states. He will hardly ever attempt to conquer or bully them.
Widely considered both founder and liberator of the Netherlands, William, Prince of Orange, also known as "William the Silent," led a successful rebellion in the mid-16th century against the Spanish Habsburg Dynasty who held dominion over the Dutch Low Countries. Once the loyal servant of King Philip II of Spain, William eventually became the most prominent leader of the rebellion, as his growing distaste for the continued Spanish persecution of Dutch Protestants came to a head. Rallying his fellow noblemen to the cause, William became an outlaw in the eyes of the Spanish monarch and led the Dutch forces in a number of successful battles against the king before falling to an assassin's bullet in 1584.
Born to Count William of Nassau in 1533, William inherited the title of Prince of Orange at age 11 when his cousin Rene, then prince, died without an heir to his title and land holdings. During this period the Netherlands were controlled by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, who ruled as leader of the Habsburg Monarchy, while also serving as king of Spain. While receiving all of the education and training expected of a nobleman, William later became a favored member of the Emperor's court. The emperor's connection to the Spanish crown would play an important role in William's future efforts to wrest control of the Netherlands from Spain.
Promoted through the ranks of the military, by his early twenties, William was already a commander in the Imperial army, while also holding various diplomatic posts as an advisor to the Emperor. However, William's favor with the Emperor came at the price of his faith, as his Lutheran upbringing was abandoned in favor of Roman Catholicism to facilitate his rise to power.
Roots of RebellionEdit
In 1555, Charles relinquished the crown of Spain to his son, Philip II. Philip was known for his ruthless disregard for the lives of the Protestants under his rule, showing little empathy for their beliefs and expanding the powers of the Inquisition against the Reformation. In serving his new king, William began to understand the true intentions of Philip, who had no qualms about wiping out the Protestants by whatever means necessary. Although William adopted Catholicism as part of his education, he was raised a Lutheran, and still firmly believed in the right of the people to follow their own beliefs. As the story goes, William overheard a conversation between Philip and King Henry II of France while on a hunting expedition, discussing the future extermination of the Protestants in both of their kingdoms. This event is said to have sparked William's decision to oppose Philip and Spanish control of the Netherlands.
In attempting to subdue the established Protestants in the Netherlands and drive them into exile or worse, Philip devised a system of "placards." These placards served as edicts making the practice of Lutheran and Calvinist beliefs an offense punishable by torture and death. So extreme was the persecution that many Dutch Catholics joined the Protestants in opposing Philip's policies.
William began to openly criticize the king in public, making his opinions on the matter clear, and encouraging others to stand up to repressive policies of Philip. In 1566, the Compromise of Nobles, a collective of noblemen from the Netherlands, petitioned the Spanish regent Margaret of Parma to end the persecution of Protestants within the Netherlands. Despite their efforts for a peaceful resolution, Philip rejected the forwarded petition, and in response, iconoclasm spread throughout the Dutch territory, leading to the destruction of Catholic icons across the country by Protestant rebels.
The Uprising BeginsEdit
As iconoclasm spread along with increasingly public displays of forbidden Protestant worship, Philip sent the Duke of Alba, Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, known as the "Iron Duke," to the Netherlands to quash the uprising and deal with the rebels. Upon his arrival, the duke established the Council of Troubles, later known among the Protestants as "The Council of Blood," to oversee the trial and punishment of the rebels and their leadership. Many of those summoned to the council went into hiding, including William himself, but some 1000 or more Protestants are said to have been tried and executed at the hands of the Iron Duke.
Outbreak of WarEdit
While funding the uprising from his home in Nassau, William and the rebels established several armies to attack the Spanish on multiple fronts. The group of Protestant exiles and Dutch noblemen resisting the Spanish came to be known as the "Geuzen," or "Beggars," with the most prominent force being the "Watergeuzen" - the Sea Beggars. William used his wealth to fund the Sea Beggars and equip their vessels, which they used to raid coastal cities throughout the Netherlands, acting as privateers.
William's brother, Louis of Nassau, led an army of mercenaries and French Huguenots (French Protestants) against a Spanish force under the command of Jean de Ligne, himself a Dutch nobleman still loyal to Philip. Meeting at the Battle of Heiligerlee in the northern Dutch province of Groningen in 1568, Louis routed the Spanish army and Jean de Ligne was killed. Unfortunately, William and Louis' second brother, Adolph, was also killed while leading the Dutch cavalry. This historic battle is considered by historians to mark the onset of the Eighty Years' War, as the great conflict for Dutch independence came to be known.
At the Battle of Jemmingen shortly thereafter, Louis's army was crushed by the Spanish forces while attempting to seize the city of Groningen itself, forcing his retreat. William himself took up the charge and led an army of Dutch forces to several victories, inspiring the Dutch people as more and more cities throughout the Netherlands were wrested from Spanish control. Despite the Dutch gains, capturing and controlling much of the northern territory over the next decade, the Spanish continued to maintain a firm grasp on the southern Netherlands.
Roots of IndependenceEdit
In 1573, the Union of Utrecht was signed in the northern Dutch city bearing the document's name, uniting the Northern provinces in opposition of Spain. Although not yet fully independent, the union clearly marked a turning point in rejecting Spanish governance of the region. While Spain still controlled the southern territories, in 1581, the Act of Abjuration finally served as a formal declaration of the Low Countries' independence from Philip's rule. Unfortunately for William, he would not live to see the Netherlands free from the grasp of Spain in its entirety.
With an ample hefty bounty placed on his head by King Philip, the first attempt on William's life soon followed, when the Spaniard Juan de Jauregui fired a shot at William in 1582, wounding him in the neck. Although William was gravely injured, he managed to survive his injuries, but his slow recovery limited his involvement in the rebellion. Less than two years later, William was again attacked by an assassin, this time by a French Roman Catholic named Balthasar Gerard. Attacking William at his home, Balthasar fired three shots, the fatal blow striking William in the chest.
In the coming days, Balthasar was tried and sentenced to death. His punishment was torture, which took place over the span of an entire week. Balthasar's only relief came when he was eventually beheaded.
Judgment of HistoryEdit
William is revered today as both the founder of the Dutch independence movement and the sovereign nation as it stands today. Inspiring the people of the Netherlands to rise up against Spanish rule and the abuses suffered by the Dutch Protestants, William gave his life in pursuit of an enlightened view point that deemed it only fair that all men be allowed to follow their beliefs.
- Of the many ideas regarding William's nickname, "William the Silent," there exist two primary theories. One belief is that the moniker came from his utmost discretion when discussing matters of the state when he first served Emperor Charles V. The other, that his overall calm demeanor kept him quiet, but astute, in his duties, is equally plausible based on our knowledge of his legacy.
- A later descendant of William, William III, went on to become King of England after the Dutch invasion of England during the Glorious Revolution, when King James II of England was deposed.
Attacked: You call yourself an exalted ruler, but I see nothing more than a smartly dressed barbarian! ("Gij noemt uzelf een verheven vorst, maar ik zie niet anders dan een fijn uitgedoste barbaar.")
Declares War: As much as I despise war, I consider it a, hahaha, contribution to the common cause to erase your existence. ("Hoe zeer ik oorlog ook verafschuw, ik acht het een, hahaha, dienstbetoon aan de gemene zaak om uw bestaan uit te wissen.")
Defeated: My God, be merciful to my soul. My God, feel pity for this... my poor people! ("Mijn god, wees mijn ziel genadig! Mijn god heb mededogen met dit... Mijn arme volk!")
[Note: Historical records indicate that these were William's last words, though he spoke them in French rather than Dutch.]
Hate Hello: What do you want? ("Wat begeert gij?")
Hate Let's Hear It 01: What now? ("Wat nu?")
Hate Let's Hear It 02: And? ("En?")
Hate Let's Hear It 03: Speak up! ("Spreek op!")
Hate No 01: That is unacceptable! ("Dat is onacceptabel!")
Hate No 02: You can not be serious! ("Dat kunt gij niet in ernst menen!")
Hate No 03: Excuse me? ("Excuseer mij?")
Hate Yes 01: Hmph, very well. ("Hmpf, heel goed.")
Hate Yes 02: I think, I have no other choice! ("Me dunkt, ik kan niet anders!")
Hate Yes 03: Excellent! ("Uitstekend!")
Intro: I am William of Orange, stadtholder of The Netherlands. Did you need anything? I still have a lot to do. ("Ik ben Willem van Oranje, Stadhouder over de Nederlanden. Behoeft gij iets? Mij staat nog veel te doen.")
Neutral Hello: Once again, greetings. ("Wederom, gegroet.")
Neutral Let's Hear It 01: Go ahead. ("Gaat uw gang.")
Neutral Let's Hear It 02: I am listening. ("Ik luister.")
Neutral Let's Hear It 03: Yes? ("Ja?")
Neutral No 01: I must...refuse. ("Ik moet... weigeren.")
Neutral No 02: Certainly not! ("Zeker niet!")
Neutral No 03: Rejected. ("Afgewezen.")
Neutral Yes 01: Very well. ("Heel goed.")
Neutral Yes 02: Excellent. ("Uitstekend.")
Neutral Yes 03: Thus it is agreed. ("Aldus overeengekomen.")
Peaceful: May this have been a lesson for you. Hopefully... you will remember it. ("Moge dit een les voor u geweest zijn. Hopelijk... zult gij die blijven gedenken.")
Request: I believe I have something that may be of some importance to you. ("Ik geloof dat ik iets heb wat u enig belang zal inboezemen.")
Hail stalwart Prince William of Orange, liberator of the Netherlands and hero to the Dutch people. It was your courageous effort in the 1568 rebellion against Spanish dominion that led the Dutch to freedom, and ultimately resulted in the Eighty Years' War. Your undertaking allowed for the creation of one of Europe's first modern republics, the Seven United Provinces. You gave your life to the rebellion, falling at the hands of an assassin in 1584, but your death would only serve to embolden the people's charge, and your legacy as "Father of the Fatherland" will stand as a symbol of Dutch independence for all time.
Brave prince, the people again yearn for the wise stewardship your wisdom afforded them. Can you once again secure the sovereignty of your kingdom and lead your people to greatness? Can you build a civilization that stands the test of time?